When learning their way around the Forex system new traders will come across a lot of technical language that needs to be understood fully before moving into the trading business. This can be achieved quite easily by studying the various glossaries available online but above all by working on plenty of virtual trades before embarking on the real thing.

As with any technical terminology, known in foreign currency markets as financial instruments, it does not take long to pick up the basics, and some of the key terms are outlined here. If a trader is uncertain about the exact meaning of terms, then seek out professional advice from a Forex broker or from the many useful manuals about Forex trading online.


A spot transaction is where there is an agreement for a currency to be bought or sold at the exchange rate that is current. In simple terms, it is like going to a bank with £100 and asking for it to be changed into Euros, thus exchanging one currency for another. There is a constant fluctuation of the spot rate as currency value moves both up and down, and this depends on future expectations in the market. These transactions are considered high risk.


In this transaction one currency, for example the euro, is exchanged for another, say the US dollar, for a specific amount of time. The agreement is then to reverse that currency change at a later date. The swap price is determined by the difference in the two exchange rates.

Author's Bio: 

Sarah writes about currency trading instruments to educate people about the fx market.