What is infertility?

Infertility can be regarded as a condition of not being able to conceive even after one year of unprotected sex. It also includes all those Women which are not observing regular menstrual cycles, or are older than 35 years and have not conceived during a 6-month period of trying. All those females who are experiencing this situation should think about making an appointment with a reproductive endocrinologist. These specialists would also be able to help women which are experiencing frequent pregnancy loss or more unprompted miscarriages.

Moreover, Pregnancy is a continuous process which includes the following steps:

-A woman's body must undergo the ovulation process i.e release an egg from one of her ovaries
-The male sperm must merge with the egg in the process.
-The fertilized egg should past through a fallopian tube
en route to the uterus.
-The fertilized egg must get attached to the internal part of the uterus

Infertility as a fast growing problem

Almost about 6% of total married women aged between 20-40 years around the world are currently going through this medical situation of infertility and the issue is rising at a fast speed amongst all the women around the globe due to Unhealthy lifestyles and eating habits. People have stayed ignorant as of now to their daily professional and personal routines and this has impacted their overall health and body big time.

Is it just about the Women?

Not completely. There are both men and women around the world who have got equal contribution for this long lying issue. There are many couples around the world who are suffering with this infertility issue and looking forward to feasible solution; though it’s still been looked as a “women’s only” issue. A famous survey done by a reputed organization has found that more than almost 7% men have often consulted the infertility specialists and they are aged below 40 as well. Out of the given numbers, around 18% have been diagnosed with Infertility issue including sperm or semen problems (14%) and varicolored (6%).

Reasons for infertility in men

Infertility in males are usually evaluated and diagnosed on the basis of semen analysis. An Infertility specialist will first diagnose the number of sperm, motility and morphology. However, an abnormal semen diagnosis not necessarily confirms that a man got infertility issues. Instead, a semen analysis can definitely confirm the fact that how and if all the male issues are contributing to infertility.

Moreover, Medical situations that can lead to abnormal semen analyses includes -

• Varicoceles, a medical condition in which the veins on a man’s testicles get enlarged and make them overheat. This heat would in turn impact the number and shape of the sperm in the testicles.
• Medical conditions like diabetes, cystic fibrosis, trauma, infection, testicular failure, or medical treatments involving chemotherapy or radiation.
• Unhealthy lifestyle and eating habits including alcohol intake, testosterone supplements, smoking, anabolic steroid use, and illicit drug use.
• Exposure to environmental factors like Insecticides and pesticides.

Reason for Infertility in Women

Women always require functioning ovaries, fallopian tubes, and a uterus in order to conceive. If there would be any issues with either of these, there could be chances of Infertility. We can list some of these situations as the following:

Functioning of Ovary

Ovulation. Regular menstrual cycles which occurs every 24–32 days are more likely to reflect Ovulation and the same can be diagnosed by using an ovulation predictor kit and could be confirmed for sure just by doing a simple test to see the woman's progesterone level.
Moreover woman's menstrual cycle is generally of 28 days and the first day is defined as the most severe day in terms of “Flow”.

A women with a medical condition of irregular menstrual cycle won’t be getting the ovulation. Probable causes of an ovulation include the following:

• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - PCOS is a hormone imbalance issue that can coincide with the ovulation process. It is the most common cause of female infertility across the globe
• Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) - FHA can be regarded a medical situation which is due to over stressing and fatigue in human body and can result in amenorrhea (absent periods).
• Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) - This situation usually arises when the capability of the ovary to generate eggs is condensed because of inherited, medical, surgical, or inexplicable causes. Ovarian reserves generally diminishes with growing age.
• Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) - This situation occurs when a woman's ovaries not succeed before she is 40 years of age. This can also be quoted as a premature menopause.
• Menopause - Menopause is termed as a refuse in ovarian function depending on age factor that usually occurs around age 50. It can generally be followed by hot-flashes and irregular periods.
• Ovarian function - It can be quoted that there is no proper test or diagnose in order to evaluate a woman's ovarian function however the The most commonly used signals of ovarian function include follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value on day 3–5 of the menstrual cycle, anti-mullerian hormone value (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) using a transvaginal ultrasound.

Author's Bio: 

Delhi- IVF is the oldest and leading IVF and Surrogacy centre in Delhi with a team of experienced and talented fertility doctors specialized in each and every aspect of infertility and provide wide range of treatment services like IVF Process, IUI, ICSI, Egg Donation and Surrogacy.