Per year in the Netherlands is estimated that more than 100,000 people on an STI. Some STIs have serious consequences if not treated on time. Fortunately, most STDs are easily curable. STDs are contagious. You can have an STI without you noticing. Also, you can pass an STI (unnoticed).
Examples of STDs include chlamydia, genital warts, genital herpes, gonorrhea, hepatitis B and syphilis, trichomoniasis, and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
How do you run it?
STDs are transmitted through semen, blood, vaginal fluid and by contact between mucous membranes. Mucous membranes are found in the anus, penis, vagina and mouth.
Most STIs are incurred by unsafe sex. Unsafe sex is:
- Vaginal intercourse without a condom.
- Anal intercourse without a condom.
- Oral sex (fellatio and cunnilingus) without a condom or dental dam.
Some STDs are also transmissible through blood. They can incur as a result of unhygienic tattooing or piercing. Or if your drug use with needles, syringes or other attributes used by another. HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis can be transmitted during pregnancy from mother to child. HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis, chlamydia, genital herpes and gonorrhea can be transmitted during birth the baby.
An STI you do not get by drinking from the cup of another. You also do not get through coughing, insect bites or a dirty toilet seat. In the pool you run no risk.
Symptoms and treatment
SOA give both men and women usually have no complaints. Or they are so vague that you do not bother you. If there are complaints usually involve:
- Discharge or pus from penis, vagina or anus. In women, the separation is often more than usual. The discharge may be watery, milky, yellowish or greenish color and smell differently
- Burning, irritation, pain during or after urination or small amounts of urination.
- Sores, warts, sores on the penis, vagina, anus or mouth.
- Itching in the pubic hair, the acorn, vulva or anus
- Swollen glands in the groin.
- Pain in one or both of (e.g.) balle.
- Abdominal pain.
- Pain during intercourse, or irregular or abnormal bleeding, eg after intercourse or between menstrual periods.
These symptoms can also be symptoms of other diseases.
SOA itself never go away. If you have had unprotected sex and think you have an STI, stick with it do not walk around with it. STIs can have nasty consequences. You will also be contagious to others, if you have an STD infection. Moreover, the risk of getting HIV incur greater if you already have an STI. Therefore, it is important that you go to a doctor and you let investigations. Say you've had unprotected sex, the doctor knows that he has to check for STIs.
Several reasons may be to let an STI test:
- It may be that you have had unsafe sex, and you're afraid that you're on to something.
- Even if the condom broke during sex, you may be worried that you have an STI
- It may be that you're alerted by a partner or ex-partner, who has an STI and that may have been transferred to you.
- Also physical symptoms after unprotected sex, may lead to an STD test. Possible symptoms in STIs are more discharge from vagina or penis or other discharge than usual, blisters, sores or warts on or around the genitals, painful urination or abdominal pain, bleeding between menstrual periods by.
- You have a steady relationship and want to have sex without condoms. first determine which risks you have run in the past.
- To ensure that you and your partner do not have STIs, both can be examined.
- You're pregnant and want the risk that you avoid transferring an STI to your child.
- Another important reason for STI testing is certainty about your own health. Some STDs are insidious presence. If you have had sometimes unsafe in the past, you can get a STD test and to do an HIV test.
When an STD test?
If you have had unprotected sex or the condom broke, you must wait at least one week with an STD test. After that week, it is only sensible to get tested. Do you have symptoms, go to a doctor. An HIV test is only three months after having unprotected sex sense. It takes three months before antibodies are generated against HIV in your blood and your doctor can determine whether you are HIV positive.