The functioning of our digestive system affects our body on the whole and has a great impact on our daily life. A digestive disorder in that case is to be treated properly or might have extreme consequences in the long run.
Here, we have five of those digestive disorders pinned down which you must know:

1.Chronic constipation

The irregular, incomplete or infrequent passage of bowels denotes the fact that you are constipated. A matter of concern arises when a person’s bowel movements are less than three times a week.

One of its primary causes is the insufficient intake of fiber/roughage or water in the diet. Usually, the inclusion of fiber or liquids, whole grains, vegetables fruits in diet, physical exercises can help in the medication of the problem. Though laxatives can be used as a temporary solution to this provided the fact that even the excessive use of laxatives can make the situation worse as it causes the contraction of intestines and thus the solution will be to no avail.

2.Gastro esophageal reflux disease

When the lower part of esophagus relaxes at an inappropriate time (hiatal hernia), the acid from the stomach enters the esophagus which causes heart burn and a burning sensation followed by a bad breadth in a person’s mouth. Moreover, it can lead to cough, nausea, sore throat, problem in swallowing, chest pain , dental problems etc.This situation is basically termed to be as the Gastro esophageal Reflux disease (GERD).

A little variance in a person’s lifestyle and especially the eating habits, the usage of antacids while surgery for the esophagus and the stomach is also recommended to deal with it depending upon it’s severity.

3.Gallstones

There is an organ in our body connected to the intestines which collects bile(a digestive juice) in it which further might just form little but hard particles called gallstones(composed of cholesterol and bile salts).These cause problems such as intense pain , infection, nausea , fever, puking etc. It is a matter of fact that there are gallstones which go away on their own without causing a problem. However, in other cases, getting rid of these gallstones demands the removal of gallbladder (which can be executed laparoscopically or by going internally be it through the mouth or the vagina. If it causes inflammation and infection in areas such as pancreas and liver. People suffering from obesity, pregnant women or those consuming the birth control medicines are likely to suffer from this problem. Also, maintain an appropriate body weight is recommended so as to prevent this problem.

4.Peptic ulcer disease

PUD is mostly caused by H.pylori (a bacteria which breaks the protective lining within the stomach which leads to infection and it also has the tendency to block the digestive tract. Moreover, in the long run it might cause gastric cancer).The other causes can be excessive smoking, alcohol use and excessive NSAID use and stress (it doesn’t cause ulcers but can aggravate the symptoms). Its usual symptoms are stomach ache, nausea etc. Surgery, particularly the laparoscopic repair is also recommended ( depending upon the severity of the problem).

Antibiotics can help in treating the H.pylori infection.Also, the problem can be medicated through antacids and proton pump inhibitors. Internal bleeding may happen if these ulcers are left untreated which further leads to even serious infections. So, it’s common medication can be limiting smoking and limiting the use of anti-inflammatory drugs.

5.Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) covers many other digestive disorder underneath itself, mainly two:
1. Crohn’s disease
It has an effect on the beginning of the colon and the ending of small stools
2. Ulcerative Colitis
Basically, it has an effect on the colon and the rectum.

These basically cause inflammation in various areas of the digestive tract which signifies that the reaction of the immune system is abnormal.A few of it’s symptoms are irritation, inflammation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, weight reduction, loss of appetite fatigue, rectal bleeding, night sweats etc.Surgery is also recommended depending upon the severity of the case. One must avoid caffeine, escalate fiber in diet, minimize stress and get in touch with a doctor. Endoscopy and colposcopy is recommended to treat IBD.

Now , that you know about these digestive disorders, do keep in mind these points and make others vigilant as well while of course, you can consult the team of gastroentrologist in Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, what they recommend is the best.

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