Patients of Diabetes should take certain precautions to control diabetes in a better way. They should go for a healthy diet, moderate physical activity, regular monitoring and be prompt to the prescribed medicines. Some of the precautions are listed below :-
â¢Patients of diabetes should check the amount and time of food intake. They should especially control carbohydrate intake as high intake of carbohydrate may lead to high sugar level. They should take meals at regular intervals and carbohydrate intake should be less to maintain blood sugar in the normal range
â¢Diabetics should avoid intake of simple carbohydrate or refined sugars as they are easily consumed in the body and can elevate sugar levels. Instead they should choose complex carbohydrates while incorporating carbohydrates in their diet as body takes more time to consume circumvents give sudden upsurge of sugar in the blood.
â¢Diabetics should also avoid skipping meals, fasting or feasting as these processes can have an adverse effect on the blood sugar level as they bring fluctuations in the sugar level.
â¢Diabetic patients should go for such a diet, which helps in the healthy weight management. Obesity is a triggering factor for high sugar levels in these patients.
â¢Diabetic patients, who take insulin, should stick to a regular pattern of meals after having insulin.
â¢Diabetics should avoid alcohol or keep its intake at minimum, because alcohol consumption can elevate sugar level in the blood.
â¢Diabetic patients should opt for food low in glycaemic index.
â¢Diabetic patients should eat green leafy vegetables and fibre rich food. They should avoid fatty foods as they can give rise to high triglycerides or high cholesterol, which are triggers for high sugar in the blood.
â¢Diabetic patients should go for regular monitoring of their blood sugar level. Regular monitoring helps in better management of diabetes.
â¢Diabetic patients should increase their physical activity. They should go for lot of physical exercises, as it can reduce risk of other ailments associated with diabetes. An inactive lifestyle increases risk of high sugar level and other health complications associated with diabetes.
â¢Diabetic patients should stick to medicines as prescribed by the doctor.
â¢Diabetic patients should go for their tests as asked by the doctor. They should not skip tests or appointments with their doctors.
â¢Diabetes patients should be aware of facts associated with diabetes. They should be aware of the risks associated with diabetes and methods to control diabetes and avoid other health complications associated with diabetes.
â¢Diabetics may suffer from sensory loss in their feet, which is known as neuropathy. Its symptoms are numbness, tingling and a sensation in feet. They may also develop other foot infections, foot ulcers or other problems of feet. Thus foot care is of prime importance for diabetics. They should wash their feet daily with lukewarm water. Patients should not treat calluses or bunions on their own, taking doctorâs advice for any foot problem is better. They should moisturize their feet, but should not apply moisturizer between the toes.
â¢Obese diabetics are at higher risk of developing cardiac problems and other health complications. High body weight increases load on the heart and decreases the bodyâs ability to produce insulin or respond to it. Thus maintaining a healthy weight through diet management and exercises are important.
â¢Diabetics should take care of oral hygiene. Gum infections and other mouth problems may lead to tooth loss or other complications in diabetic patients. Diabetes increase healing time for any wound, thus it is better to prevent infections.
â¢Patients of diabetes are at higher risk of developing eye diseases. They should eat green leafy vegetables and take proper care of eye. They should not avoid any minor eye problem. Early detection can prevent eye damages such as diabetic retinopathy.
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