Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the beta cells of the pancreas i.e. islets of langerhans are not able to produce a sufficient amount of insulin to avert hyperglycemia.
Type 1 diabetes i.e. IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is generally caused by auto-immune destruction of the pancreatic beta cells that produce protein insulin. There is no known preventative measure that can be used against type 1 diabetes i.e. IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus), as most people affected are other wise healthy when onset occurs.

Diabetic diet and exercise can not overturn or prevent this category of diabetes. While this type of diabetes mellitus can affect both children as well as adults, it has a nickname of "juvenile diabetes" because the preponderant cases are found in children.

Type 2 diabetes i.e. NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is a tissue-wide insulin resistance that occurs due to an amalgamation of defective insulin secretion and insulin resistance. It is generally first treated by attempts to change physical activity like diabetic diet and weight loss. These measures can restore insulin sensitivity, allowing type 2 diabetics to recover satisfactory glucose control for years.

Both type 1 and 2 diabetes are incurable chronic conditions. Though, they have been treatable ever since insulin became medically accessible and are usually managed today with a combination of diabetic diet and lifestyle management.
Diabetes mellitus causes many complications in its victims. Acute complications may occur if the disease is not looked over and forbidden adequately enough. Serious long-term complications including cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage, nerve damage, and micro vascular damage, which may lead to erectile dysfunction and poor healing, are often a result of in-adequate treatment of this disease. However, sufficient treatment of diabetes, along with an increased watch on blood pressure control, following of diabetic diet and lifestyle factors, may improve the risk profile of the above mentioned complications.

Many diabetics have trouble controlling their blood sugar levels. Even those who exercise frequently are still puzzled about what and how much they should be eating. The longer you deal with diabetes mellitus, the easier it will become for you to handle the disease.

Although regulating your blood sugar can be complicated, it is not unfeasible. There are many variables that affect blood sugar, including mood, stress, and infection, illness, and sleep turmoil. Because blood sugar regulation isn't an exact science, you should meet with your doctor or dietician regularly to plan a diabetic diet customized especially for you.

Be sure to ask them questions, let them know your routine and check in with your doctor to let him or her know your development along with any problems you may be meeting.

It is an excellent idea to keep a food journal in which you document the kinds of foods you eat along with the serving sizes and your after-meal blood sugar levels plus any other helpful in turn your doctor may need.

Visiting with an herbalist or alternative care doctor could be a good idea also. They will be able to tell you with vitamins, minerals, herbal supplements, and alternative treatments that may help ease your symptoms.

There are many cook books that give guidelines on serving sizes for diabetics. They also suggest diabetic diets that are good for you. There are also a lot of new programs that help diabetic patients to plan their diets (diabetic diet) and calculate the amount of food to eat.

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