Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and the insulin concern is either the insufficiency of its production or the lack of response by the body cells to insulin functions.

Hence, treatments involve the implementation of a proper diet, enough exercise, and drug medication. However, this type of diabetes is known to be progressive or can get worse and may reach a point where symptoms will have to be addressed by insulin injections.

Based on statistics, 95% of people with known medical records of diabetes are affected by the type 2. Nonetheless, both types 1 and 2 diabetes are considered as incurable and the treatment for both is aimed at controlling the blood glucose at a normal level.

Type 2 diabetes treatment however, is different from type 1 since exercise, proper diet and drug medications will suffice to control the symptoms.

Herewith are the generic names of the medications used as additional treatment for the type 2 diabetes; the list below can provide you with the possible side effects you may encounter as a diabetic patient:

1. Sitagliptin phosphate - This is an oral medication that may not affect your weight but has known indications to have caused sore throat, diarrhea or upper respiratory tract infection.

2. Exenatide - This medication is taken as an injection and may help as a weight loss medium. Its possible side effects are nausea or inflammation of the pancreas.

3. Pramlintide - Also received by the body through injection and can also help in weight loss. Possible side effect is nausea and the patient is cautioned not to take this simultaneously with other oral medications for diabetes. Avoid using the same syringe previously used for injecting insulin.

4. Pioglitazone - An oral medication known to cause decrease in triglycerides. Weight can be gained and there are indications that it can cause swelling, increase bad cholesterol (LDL). In some rare cases this medication has caused liver problems. It is important not to use this in type 1 diabetes if under diabetic ketoacidosis.

5. Rosiglitazone - This medication is taken orally and is known to increase good cholesterol (HDL). However, its use presents the possible risks of heart attack, swelling, weight gain, liver problems, increase in bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides.

6. Glimepiride - An oral medication that blends well with other diabetes medicines. Its other effects can cause lower blood sugar and weight gain.

7. Metformin - Taken orally and will not cause weight gain but can lead to a decrease in bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides. However, some side effect are nausea, diarrhea and the build up of harmful lactic acid.

8. Glipizide - One of the oldest known oral medication which unifies with other diabetes medications. Nevertheless, weight gain and low blood sugar can be experienced.

There maybe an abundance of medications available for type 2 diabetes, but still there is the possibility to develop hypoglycaemia or low blood glucose. In view of this, it is recommended to have a sugary drink or glucose tablets with you in case the need arises. Other remedial treatment includes an injection of glucagon, a hormone that immediately increases the level of blood glucose.

Trained educators who understand diabetes sufferers and well versed in education programs flexible in content and adaptable to the clinical and psychological needs of the patient can also contribute to the effective implementation of type 2 diabetes treatment.

Author's Bio: 

Alvin Hopkinson is a leading health researcher in the area of natural remedies and diabetes treatment. Discover how you can lower your blood sugar level for good using proven and effective home remedies for diabetes, all without using harmful medications or drugs. Visit his site now at minusdiabetes.com