Research * has shown that survivors of sexual abuse often feel support and understanding is missing when they disclose having been abused. Research has also shown that survivors who are not getting appropriate support when they disclose having been abused are more prone to develop post traumatic stress symptoms and other psychiatric disturbances. It is obvious, that we need a new vision of how to engage with survivors of (child) sexual abuse if we want to avoid costly problems to develop:

- for survivors because of a loss of quality of life and overall functioning
- for society because of increase of social assistance needed and an increase in health costs.

How to react when someone discloses sexual abuse is not only a problem for professionals but also a problem for friends, family, acquaintances, and colleagues. Of course, professionals have different responsibilities than friends and family. Professionals have the duty to advise the survivor about available services and avenues for support and provide him/her with the necessary information.n to give informed consent to whatever procedure or intervention is pursued.

Besides being informed about the services available survivors need professionals and family/friends to be emotionally available. They need to give recognition in the form of care and emotional support. Here some good advice:

1. Don’t go into fix-it mode. Whether you are a professional or a private person, survivors don’t come to you to FIX IT. Firstly, what happened is unfixable. It has happened and the time can not be turned back. They might have lived with the secret about the abuse for years. They might have tried all sorts of ways to fix it themselves. Don’t insult survivors by treating them like idiots who couldn’t come up with the most obvious ways of helping themselves. Just because they are hurting doesn’t mean they have no brains.

2. Be there! Survivors need to tell someone their story. The memories of the abuse are like toxic projectiles creating havoc in survivors’ minds and need to come out. You only have to be there, listen, and be touched by their story. They might need to know that their distress is warranted. Even if the abuse has occurred many years ago, something could have triggered the emotions, thoughts, and distress symptoms at this point in time. Reassure the survivor that their distress is understandable. Every person with a history of sexual abuse might feel the same distress. It’s a normal response to an experience that should never have happened.

3. Offer your support! Don’t give advice. Giving advice without being asked for it is disrespectful. It implies that the survivor is unable to think for her/himself. However, signal to the survivor that you are available for support and let her/him know where you limitations regarding giving support are. Being clear about your boundaries will make it easier for survivors to approach you.

4. Re-assure the survivor! When survivors disclose their experiences of abuse they are usually in a state of distress and overwhelm. They might not be able to see that they could be ever ok again. It’s important that you re-assure them that they will be ok coming out the other end. They have survived the ‘real thing’ as a child with little or no support, little or no understanding, little or no resources. They will survive talking about it and working through it now as an adult with support, help, adult understanding and resources, and with adult means of giving a voice to their distress.

When you follow these few simple steps you have the best chance to be everything the survivor needs when s/he put trust in you and discloses to you the most traumatic experience of her/his life.

Author's Bio: 

Dr. Gudrun Frerichs is a psychotherapist, trainer, and researcher who helps people to grow strong and fulfil their potential and their dreams.
Gudrun offers a wide range of programs and services – from individual consultations, to self-development courses and seminars both online and face to face. Gudrun is no stranger to mental health and in particular sexual abuse. She spent 20 years as a psychotherapist, trainer, and researcher specializing in assisting survivors to overcome the effects of sexual abuse and achieve recovery. Her masters research project uncovered the recovery pathway of people with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID – formerly multiple personality disorder) and is published on her blog Her PhD research focused on how services shape the recovery from sexual abuse. The findings of this research are being published on her blog