Physical therapy services are offered in physical therapy clinics across the country. These services generally comprise therapeutic programs tailored to the needs of each patient for the treatment of physical dysfunctions and the prevention of further deterioration of certain parts of the body due to illness, injury or aging. Other programs may also include supervised weight loss, physical strengthening or functional conditioning and retraining.

The different types of physical therapy programs are supervised by licensed physical therapists. It is their job to evaluate and prescribe appropriate therapeutic measures based on their patients' findings. Often times, therapists find themselves teaching patients basic motor skills, such as getting up and getting out of bed, then sitting in a chair from this position, walking on crutches on uneven ground, and retraining patients on how to write or walking again with damage, but limb recovery or prosthetics.

The physical therapist needs to take an accurate and detailed patient history in order to properly assess the problem. This includes performing certain function tests and taking careful measures to assess the problem. Some examples of tests could be: coordination tests, joint movement, muscle strength, balance, flexibility, sensory and neurological tests, palpation, postural detection, movement analysis and other specific tests designed for specific problems. After evaluating the results of these tests, the therapist will develop the best treatment plan to help the patient recover and reach their goals of overcoming any present dysfunction.

Part of physical therapy services include teaching patients how to operate devices designed to assist them in their mobility, such as wheelchairs, crutches, or other equipment at work or at home to allow patients as much independence as possible. Therapists review patient environments and advise them on the best, safest, and most convenient ways to confer their environment for maximum productivity,

Some of the treatment protocols used in these programs include electrical stimulation, hot and cold compresses, therapeutic exercises, ultrasound treatments, training in functional activities, traction, eddies, UV, infrared, TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation), pumps intermittent compression and more. There must be regular weekly treatment sessions for the program to take effect, as well as concerted effort and patient involvement.

Other useful techniques to aid recovery include massage, neurodevelopment, and joint mobilization to stimulate soft tissue flexibility and maintain joint mobility. As the patient progresses, therapists continue to apply the best therapeutic concepts and treatments as appropriate at that stage of recovery.

Physical therapists also educate their patients on ways to prevent the problem from reoccurring and on how to manage the current problem. Often times, prevention is as simple as correcting posture, body movement, and stretching, which most patients are generally unaware of, therefore it is the therapist's responsibility to get their attention through instructions or brochures.

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Physiotherapy services