Sports nutrition is a topic can be dynamically viewed from different perspectives. It is the foundation of success for every athlete. The need for a well-designed nutrition is not only essential for athletes. It is also essential for adults and children because it helps in supplying the right type of food, nutrients, fluids, and energy that would go a long way in keeping the body functioning at the highest levels and it would also help in maintaining the body’s hydration. Sports nutrition diet can vary dependent on the energy requirement of an athlete. It is important to note that all the energy we need for our day to day activities is gotten from the fluid we drink and the food we eat.

The goal of sports nutrition may vary depending on individual preference. It usually includes improving body compositions, gaining lean mass, or enhancing athletic performance. Most competitive athletes as well as other active adults usually turn to sports nutrition for this reason. These requirements are usually provided by nutritional programs. Research shows that nutrient timing, caloric intake, food type, supplementation, and fluids are all essential factors in achieving nutritional goals.

The food we eat helps in providing the body with macronutrients that helps in supplying the body with sufficient energy supply in order to ensure that the body is optimally functioning.

These macronutrients include the following:

• Carbohydrates: This can be simple or complex and it is the most important source of energy for the human body. Naturally occurring sugars in foods like vegetables, fruits and milk are simple carbohydrates, while complex healthy carbs can be gotten from potatoes, oats, whole grain bread and most vegetables. These nutrients are broken down to blood sugar or glucose in the body and this helps to feed cells, organs, tissues with energy.

• Fats: It can be unsaturated or saturated, and they both play important roles in the body. The saturated fats are usually found in animal products such as, high-fat dairy, and red meats. Saturated can increase the risk of a disease. Unsaturated fats on the other hand are healthy and they are of plant sources like nuts, and olive oil. They provide the body with energy, protect organs, promote body development and maintain cell membranes.

• Proteins: This consist of multiple chains of amino acids and the are vital for every cell in the body. It can be incomplete or complete. An incomplete protein structure lacks some essential amino acids while complete proteins contain all the amino acids. Proteins generally play vital roles in the growth and recovery of muscles and tissues. It is important to note that essential amino acids cannot be synthesized by the body an as such, they should be provided in diet.

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Sports nutrition is a topic can be dynamically viewed from different perspectives. It is the foundation of success for every athlete.