For most people, glass is glass, it is transparent, prevents rain and wind from entering our homes, prevents insects from pinching our teeth when we drive on the highway and prevents the wine and the beer to come off and lets in the light. The reality is that there is a huge range of glass variants, each with a different use for a different application.

Modern glass making techniques offer almost endless options, from glass used on solar panels to armored car windows, to the front window or jar of jam in your closet

Glaziers that meet the general glass needs of residential and commercial areas generally require only a small selection of these types of glass to repair and install windows, doors, shower screens, store fronts, etc.

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Your local glazier will probably use some of these glass products every day, some less frequently and others not getting used at all.

Here is a list of commonly used glass styles, as well as their uses and characteristics.

Float glass
This first type of glass is used by window replacement experts that you can find on the websites

It is a basic glass product used in many domestic windows and double glazed windows. This product includes a very flat clear glass that can be colored for various applications, especially to reduce glare and heat. Float glass breaks into large fragments.

Insulated glass or double glazing
Two or more glass panels linked by a spacer between them to create a vacuum, the vacuum is filled with air or argon gas and sealed, used for insulation (heat or sound), solar control, also reduces the internal condensation.

Heat-tempered glass
Glass treated with a thermal income process that strengthens the glass. This style is often used for sliding glass doors, partitions, large windows, storefronts, etc. This glass breaks in small pieces rather than large splinters reducing the risk of injury.

Laminated glass
Two or more glass layers with one or more intermediate layers of polymeric material bonded between the glass layers. Laminated glass is more difficult to break because the interlayer holds it together, which reduces the risk of broken glass. This style is used for safety, protection and soundproofing, fire resistance, UV filtering and thermal insulation.

Safety glass
Special laminates and multiple layers of glass are used to create a transparent product that resists physical attacks, thus adding a guarantee for your building.

Screen-printed glass
Clear or tinted glass printed with ceramic ink often used for privacy screens, partitions, signage, backsplashes, doors, windows and artwork. Screen-printed glass can help control the sun or the light and does not fade.

Decorative glass
Decorative glass, also used by experts, covers a range of options, including screen-printed, printed, painted, sandblasted and etched glass. These styles are often used in signage, interior decoration, projection as well as in mirrors. Painted glass is increasingly used for credence in kitchens, bathrooms and other wet areas.

Patterned or textured glass
This style is created from laminated flat glass with a still hot mold to print the desired pattern in the glass. Patterned glass is often used for decorating or letting light into a room while maintaining privacy.

Self-cleaning glass
Often used outdoors or in hard-to-reach areas to reduce maintenance and cleaning. A self-cleaning coating is applied to the outer surface of the glass, which dissolves dirt and debris using daylight and rain.

This list is far from exhaustive, there are many other options available.

Author's Bio: 

Willie Smith is a former ECU football player and NFL player who play 5 years with the Redskins, Raiders, Chargers and Panthers. He’s also a real estate consultant. Over the course of his career, Willie has become recognized as a trusted partner among clients who are serious about investing in property. He is also well known for his honest, clear communication, tenacious negotiating skills, and for closing deals that are fair for all parties involved.