Android is an excellent platform to develop engaging mobile apps. There are various development tools that are free, easy to use, and available for Mac, Windows, and Linux systems. Android comes with great documentation. It is the most used and leading operating systems available on mobiles, tablets, and watches, TVs and cars. Building and publishing an Android app is quite easy and straight forward considering the availability of multiple Android app stores, unlike the single app store for Windows and iOS.

Android as an operating system has come a long way since it was first released in September 2008. Its first SDK version, which used Eclipse IDE and ADT plugin, was released in November 2007. Even the tools for Android application development has grown in leaps and bounds. Developers now prefer the official Android IDE (Integrated Development Environment) i.e. Android Studio IDE for developing Android apps. The IDE is based on IntelliJ IDE and aims to ease Android development. It also alerts developers for issues in their source code and helps novice developers to avoid the most common errors while writing code. However, as a professional company providing Android app development services in India, we have highlighted some of the most common mistakes any amateur or intermediate Android developer can make while programming your application.

Using iOS design language: This is rare but many developers with an iOS background tend to design Android apps like iOS apps. Both operating systems have their own design language for apps. When developing for Android it's important for the developer to follow Android's best practices. You must adhere to Android design guidelines when developing for the Android platform. The documentation will even provide you a general understanding of the Android ecosystem. You wouldn’t want to confuse your users through a jarring interface, which is different from every other Android app they use. But you can certainly differentiate your app with your unique features and functionality plus customizing it with colors and logos.

Not using intents: Intents are an essential part of the Android system. They are the means of requesting data or an action from another app component. There are several actions your application might want to perform, and instead of re-implementing these actions, you can ask the Android system to choose the best-suited app for that task. For instance, an app needs to pick a contact, with a contact number, from a device. Instead of reading the contact database, and implementing a List to display all the contacts with a contact number and then implementing the logic to choose a contact, you can simply use the following code:

private void pickContact() {
Intent pickContactIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI);
pickContactIntent.setType(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_TYPE);
startActivityForResult(pickContactIntent, PICK_CONTACT_REQUEST);
}

Intents can be used for performing a ton of actions such as sharing content, taking pictures/videos, playing videos, setting alarms and reminders and much more. You can even define your own filters for intents.

Not using fragments: During the dark days (prior to Honeycomb - Ice Cream Sandwich for mobiles) of Android app development, Android apps were developed using activities and services only. Later the fragmentation concept was introduced to the API (Application Programming Interface. A fragment is a mini activity that can be embedded and coupled with various other fragments in a particular activity. This lets you build user interfaces that can easily adapt and switch between phone and tablet sized devices.

Avoiding the above-listed mistakes can enhance your app performance which in turn will lead to a better user experience and good reviews for your application in the long term. Do you know any other mistakes made by Android developers? Share with us using the comments section below.

Author's Bio: 

Kaushal Shah manages digital marketing communications for the enterprise technology services provided by Rishabh Software. The blog was created after thorough research and discussion with developers about the common error they encounter or make in the process of Android application development .