Article Title: The End of Poverty by Dr Jeffrey Sachs (Updated)
Author: Jeffrey D. Sachs
Submitted by: Craig Lock
Web sites: http://www.earthinstitute.columbia.edu/endofpoverty and
http://www.time.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,1034738,00.html
Category (key words): Poverty, End of/to Poverty, Jeffrey Sachs, Time magazine,Time magazine articles.

Article Summary:
We can banish extreme poverty in our generation - yet 8 million people die each year because they are too poor to survive. The tragedy is that with a little help, they could even thrive. In a bold new book, leading economist Jeffrey D. Sachs shows how we can make it happen...
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THE END OF POVERTY

by Jeffrey D Sachs

Submitters Note:
This short piece is based on notes I took from a Time Magazine article on March 14th 2005 by Jeffrey Kluger. World poverty (and doing something constructive about it) is a subject dear to my "dear little" heart. (If you want to read the full article, see http://www.time.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,1034738,00.htmland/or
http://www.earthinstitute.columbia.edu/endofpoverty
I am sharing a few points from the contents of Professor Sachs's new book 'The End of Poverty' in a spirit of trying to make people around the globe a bit more aware of this immense (and seemingly insurmountable) problem. And perhaps some individuals may even be called to do something about it - through the "power of one + 1 + 1 +1". That is my hope (fervent).
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We can banish extreme poverty in our generation - yet 8 million people die each year, because they are too poor to survive. Jeffrey D.Sachs shows how we can make it happen...

"In a world of plenty, over 1 billion people * are so poor, their lives are in danger. How to change that for good?

* (The World Bank estimated that in 2001 1.1 billion people
were living on less than a dollar a day!).

Since Sept 11, 2001, the United States has launched a war on terrorism; however it has neglected the deeper causes of global instability. The nearly $500 billion that the US will spend this year on the military will never buy lasting peace, if the US continues to spend only one-thirtieth of that, around $16 billion, to adress the plight of the poorest of the poor, whose societies are destabilised by extreme poverty. The $16 billion represents 0.15 of US income, just 15c on every $100 of national income. The share devoted to helping the poor has declined for decades and is a tiny fraction of what the US has repeatedly promised, yet failed to give.

Still our generation can choose to end extreme poverty by the year 2025 (an approach termed "Clinical Economics" by Sachs). The task of ending extreme poverty is a collective one - for you as well as for me. The end of poverty will require a global network of co-operation among people who have never met and who do not necessarily trust one another.

The poor face structural challenges that keep them from getting even their first foot on the ladder of development.
The world's challenge is not only to overcome laziness and corruption, but rather to take on the solvable problems of geographical isolation, disease and natural hazards.

A few generations ago, almost everyone was poor. The Industrial Revolution led to new riches, but much of the world was left far behind.

However, the world can set out on a path of development at a cost that is tiny, but way too high for the rural villages themselves.

Now
HOW TO DO IT?
Here are some practical steps:

1. BOOST AGRICULTURE

2. IMPROVE BASIC HEALTH CARE

3. INVESTING IN HEALTH CARE

4. BRINGING POWER

5. PROVIDING CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION

* United Nations economists have identified malaria has one of the top four causes of poverty. Malaria has been the scourge of humanity since antiquity. Every year it kills more than 3 million people. Malaria is old, whilst the Aids epidemic is new, so grabs all the attention.

The United Nations Children's Fund estimates that today alone 3000 children wil die because of malaria - the vast majority in sub-Saharan Africa.

Professor Sachs believes that eradicating malaria is the most important priority in lifting Africa out of poverty. However, the amount of aid per African per year is very small - just $30 per sub-Saharan African in 2002.

"Comprehensive malaria control in Africa is achievable by 2010 at the minimal cost of US $3 billion per year, if sound principles of public health and economics are observed. Millions of lives can be saved, and Africa will be given vital help in escaping from the vicious cycle of poverty and disease that continues to grip the continent. It's a disease that could be controlled quite dramatically and easily, if we just put in the effort. It's truly hard for me to understand why we are not", Professor Sachs says.
The costs of action are a tiny fraction of the costs of inaction.

* (from a report in the New Zealand Herald by Georgina Newman, communications Manager for Unicef NZ.
Web site: www.unicef.org.nz ).
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9 STEPS TO THE GOAL:

1. Commit fully to the task.

2. Adopt a PLAN OF ACTION.

3. Raise the voice of the poor. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jnr did not wait for the rich and powerful to come to their rescue. They asserted their call to justice and made their stand in the face of official arrogance and neglect. It's time for the "democracies" in the poor world - countries like Brazil, India, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and dozens of others - to join together to ISSUE THE CALL TO ACTION (firm).

4. REDEEM THE US ROLE IN THE WORLD
The richest and most powerful country, for long a leader and inspiration in democratic ideals, is barely participating in global efforts to end poverty and protect the environment, thus undermining its own security. It's time to honour the commitment to give 0.7 of America's national income to these crucial goals.

5. RESCUE THE IMF AND WORLD BANK

6. STRENGTHEN THE United Nations (UN)

7. HARNESS GLOBAL SCIENCE (TECHNOLOGY)

8. PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(though we must not fuel prosperity with a lack of concern for industrial pollution and the unchecked burning of fossil fuels).
Developing countries can protect the environment, whilst greatly improving the lives of their citizens

and finally,

9. MAKE A PERSONAL COMMITMENT. It all comes back to us. Individuals working in unison, form and shape societies. Great social forces are the mere accumulation of myriads of countless individual actions (like writing to your leaders and political representatives and other forms of practical help). Let the future say of our generation that we sent forth mighty currents of hope, and that we worked together to heal the world."
I believe each one of us can make a difference in the world (even though many people do not know HOW). My first step was coming across a Time magazine article of March 14 2005 (by serendipity'), reading it, then feeling "drawn" to share a bit about Professor Sachs's most worthy work in sending out this piece.

Let us end poverty, let's make global poverty history in our generation.. Together let us make a difference, a better world for tomorrow.

Let us take courage, because the years are passing and we as a planet have already left this problem far too long.
The time for decision - THE TIME TO TAKE ACTION IS NOW.

http://www.earthinstitute.columbia.edu/endofpoverty and
www.millenniumpromise.org

If you are interested, stay tuned to the Millennium Promise's website - www.millenniumpromise.org to get newsletters, learn about events, and other ways you can support the UN Millennium Development Goals and Prof. Sachs' valuable work.
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"Whatever, you want to do or dream you can do, the hardest
part is making a beginning. Once you take that first step
in following your heart, the rest will follow
naturally...and lead to who know's where."

"The task ahead of you can always be overcome by the power within
you...and the often seemingly difficult or even "impassible") path
ahead of you is never as steep with the great spirit that lies
within you."

"When people's hearts are filled with love, the world is full of hope."

"do gooder-gooder" craig (not at all practical, so I just write and use words to "plant seeds")

Don't worry about the world ending today...
as it's already tomorrow in little scenic and tranquil New Zealand

Author's Bio: