Kidney stones start out as minute pieces of crystals, formed out of insoluble salt and minerals known as oxalates, which the kidney was not able to excrete through its urine. Often times, this may be due to lack of water intake to keep the stones soluble enough to be washed out.

The treatment of kidney stones is necessary in order to eliminate these particles from the renal system; although the type of treatment to apply depends on the size of the crystals to be taken out. Hence, if you are beginning to feel the early symptoms such as the incessant pain in the lower back and changes in your urine, your doctor may present you with the following treatments:

Treatment of Kidney Stone by Simple Home Therapy and Medications:

Kidney stones that are analyzed as small enough may be treated through water therapy and non-steroidal medications. As a sufferer, you have to drink at least 2 glasses of water for every 2 hours during the day. This will help your urine clear up and make your kidney stones soluble enough to be washed out bit by bit through urination.

The doctor will consider this treatment suitable for you if you are not in any kind of fluid restrictions, as required by some other form of ailments you may be suffering from. In addition, certain types of medicine called alpha blockers may be prescribed by your doctor since they can aid in passing kidney stones with very little or no side effects at all.

However, if your kidney stone is causing you severe pain, it is possible that the stone is already blocking your ureter or the entrance to your urinary tract. This now is one of those instances when the doctor will recommend surgery as your form of treatment.

Treatment of Kidney Stones by Surgery

The following are your treatment options if kidney treatment is no longer possible via home cure:

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), a treatment where shockwaves are directed at the area where kidney stones were detected. The intensity of the shock waves passing through the body are said to be at certain levels where it can break up a kidney stone into smithereens. These being the case, the patient can now easily pass the kidney stones out of his renal system.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy or nephrolithotripsy - This treatment is done through the use of a telescope which the surgeon puts into the kidney by way of making an incision at the patient’s back. By doing this, the surgeon is able to locate the exact position of the kidney stone, which will enable him to perform manual extraction. This type of surgery is often resorted to if the stone is too large to be broken down by the ESWL treatment.

Ureteroscopy – this time the telescope that the surgeon uses will pass the urinary tract until it reaches the location of the kidney, often found blocking the ureter. During the surgical operation, the doctor will use a small tube to keep the ureter open in order to extract the kidney stone or break it up whichever method is necessary for easier removal.

Open Surgery - The doctor here makes an incision at the side or on the belly area in order to reach the kidney stone for extraction. Due to the high risk of causing further damage to the kidney, this type of treatment is rarely used.

Keep in mind though, that the nature of your lifestyle or diet may cause the re-formation of kidney stones in your system. It is necessary therefore, to be more mindful of what we intake if we do not want to go through the same pain and treatment in the future.

Author's Bio: 

Alvin Hopkinson is a leading health researcher in the area of natural remedies and kidney stone treatment. Discover how you can pass kidney stone safely using proven and effective home remedies, all without using harmful medications or drugs. Visit his site now at