To start off

As we are witnessing the advancement in technology and science, mobile or cellular networks do not remain uninfluenced by it. We have seen the transition from 2G to 3G, then from 3G to 4G now, albeit slowly, 5G is creeping in. So, let us now know in more detail about the mobile network architectures of 4G and 5G networks and their network management systems as to how they manage small components of various large networks.

An important network architecture

NFV (Network Function Virtualization) is a network architecture that enables us to virtualize various services of the network conventionally executed on a specific hardware.

4G Cellular Network Architecture

There is not much visual difference when it comes to the mobile network architecture of 3G and 4G cellular networks, but there are indeed some significant technical changes that need to be understood. In 4G mobile network architecture, there is no circuit switching. It was of very less use in 3G and hence has been removed. This leads to 4G network optimization. The Mobile Switching Centre is no more used to service 2G voice traffic and all of it is now being treated as only one packet at the Base Station. A VOIP gateway is put into use to link to ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) or PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network). Apart from it, another thing that made a huge change in 4G architecture is the introduction of wireless LANs in the cellular network. 4G LTE provides much higher internet speeds and better network connectivity. 4G networks can handle a lot of multimedia traffic at once, advanced mobility management, supports a large number of applications and handles data smoothly.

5G Cellular Network Architecture

Network architecture of the 5G is highly efficient and advanced. The 5G network architecture contains a main user terminal and innumerable radio access technologies, which are considered and used as unique IP links. This concept leads to our attention towards the IP technology, which is used for controlling data and proper routing of IP packets for various connections like connections between the source, i.e., the server and the receiver, i.e., the client. The 5G MasterCore technology is an amalgamation of advancement in other technologies concerning wireless networks. This reduces the complexity of the job, is more powerful and has more efficiency. The new 5G architecture, therefore, delivers much better cellular connectivity, provides better internet speed and is much more powerful.

You can get 4G technology training and 5G technology training at various online and offline portals.

Hence, cellular networks have developed a lot in recent years.

Author's Bio: 

MobileComm Professionals offers great solution to all major wireless mobile Operators, Engineering firms, infrastructure providers and Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM’s).