Out of all the numerous alcoholic drinks available for the consumers in today’s world, wine is regarded as the richest & most exclusive drink. What is wine? This question needs to be answered in a precise form or else might demean the royalty which is possessed by this beverage. Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced using the fermented juice of grapes. Technically, this beverage can be made with the use of several fruits such as apples, plums, cranberries etc., but generally wines are made with the utilization of wine grapes.

It is expected that by 2020 the worldwide wine market Industry will acquire a global consumption of more than 30 billion liters. Currently, the wine market has grown strong in areas such as Europe, especially in France, Germany and Italy.

Wine Grapes

It is important to note that, wine grapes are indeed different from table grapes. They are sweeter, samller and contain a lots of seeds. Presently, most wines are produced using a single species of grape which originate in the Caucasus, named as ‘Vitis vinifera’. Within the Vitis vinifera there are different varieties and the most common is Cabernet Sauvignon.

Wine Varieties

Wine is usually produced from grapes which are ripened for an entire season and later harvested. This factor makes the wine ‘Vintage’ and is also mentioned on the label. Apart from vintage & non-vintage, wine varieties are broadly divided into: Single-Varietal & Blended.


A single-varietal wine is primarily made with a single type of grape. Also, it is quite common to see such wines labeled with the name of that particular grape variety. One surprising fact is that each country possesses different rules as to how much of that variety needs to be included in order to be tagged as a varietal wine.

  • 75%- Chile, USA, South Africa, Greece, Australia
  • 80%-Argentina
  • 85%- France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Spain, Portugal, New Zealand

Wine Blend

A wine blend is a version which is prepared with the blending of several grape varieties. One should know that, ‘Blending’ is regarded as a traditional technique of winemaking, and at present there are some famous wine blends processed in several classic winemaking regions. If you are not aware, most wine blends are merged (mixed) together once the fermentation (and aging) is complete. On the other hand, when grapes are blended and later fermented, it is called a field blend. The Port wine is a famous example of a field blend.

Wine Taste

Wine is surely produced with a prime focus on the taste. The global wine industry is filled with a lot of flavors. There are several aspects that explain wine’s exquisite flavor: sweetness, acidity, alcohol, tannin, as well as aroma compounds formed during fermentation.

Acidity: As a beverage, wine lies on the acidic end of the designated pH scale which ranges from as low as 2.5 (lemon) to the maximum of 4.5 (Greek yoghurt).

Sweetness: This factor totally depends on the style of wine you drink. The sweetness in wine differs from having no sugar to maple syrup like sweetness. One must know that, the term “dry” is used for a wine without sweetness.

Alcohol: Wine’s average array of alcohol is nearly 10% ABV (alcohol by volume) to 15% ABV. However, there are few exceptions such as: Moscato d’Asti is as low as 5.5% ABV

Tannin: This aspect is linked to red wine. Tannin contributes to the severe quality of red wine. In order to experience this taste, you can place a tea bag which is wet and black on your tongue.

Aroma Compounds: Each grape variety displays aroma compounds at diverse levels. That is the reason some wine varieties smell like berries, while the others smell like flowers. Another prime contributing factor to the aromas of wine is aging. It is crucial to know that, all red wines are aged in oak. This not only contributes a flavor of oak barrel compounds but also operates as a channel to expose the beverage to oxygen. The combined effect of oxidation and aging leads to the creation of unique versions comprising of nuttiness, and flower flavors. The demand for various aromatic varieties is quite popular in the international wine Market Research Report industry.

Red & White Wine

Wine can be further segmented on a wider canvas as: White Wine & Red Wine. Some of the popular versions under these two segments include:

Red Wine- Syrah, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir.

White Wine- Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc.

Author's Bio: 

Our aim is to provide the best industry and market research reports to the seeker. Currently, Market Research Hub is a one stop destination for all industry reports analysis.