Ayurveda & Kidney Stone
There are several diseases with fatal consequences. Mootrashmari (Renal calculi/Stone) is one of them. This is a chronic disorder with acute and severe pain and if it is not managed by proper treatment, patient may face fatal consequences. However, it is manageable with proper treatment. Mootrashmari is included in ashtaumahagada due to its fatal nature. According to Ashtang hradaya,tarun mootrashmari (primary urolithiasis without any systemic disease or any complication) must be treated with medical treatment but, for pravruddha mootrashmari (chronic with complications), the surgical management is preferred.
Description of mootrashmari is found in almost all samhitas of Ayurved as well as in vedas, either as a type of mootrakruchhra (as per charak samhita) or as a separate disease (as per Sushruta samhita). According to sushruta Samhita surgical treatment is not preferred method because even skilled surgeons may not get good success in the surgical treatment of mootrashmari. According to madhava nidana all the doshas are involved in the disease but based on predominance the types of mootrashmari are described.
It is the third most common affliction of the urinary tract, exceeded only by UTI and BPH. The process of forming stone in urinary tract i.e., kidney, bladder and ureter is referred to as ‘urolithiasis’. When urine becomes supersaturated with insoluble materials due to increased excretion and/or because of extreme water conservation, crystals form and may grow and aggregate to form calculi. Gujarat is covered in stone belt areas for the calcium stones. In Gujarat, particularly in saurashtra region, the incidence of disease urinary stone is very high due to high mineral content of water and hot climate. About 30% patients of urinary disorders are found suffering from urolithiasis. The chemical composition of urinary stones in children is similar to those found in adults. About one-half are calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate account for 15– 25%, while 10–15% is mixed (calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate). The others are struvite (magnesium ammonium, phosphate) 15–30%, cysteine 6–10%, and uric acid 2–10 %12.
At that point, you may experience these signs and symptoms:
• Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs.
• Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.
• Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
• Pain on urination.
• Pink, red or brown urine.
• Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
• Nausea and vomiting.
Causes of Renal Stone :
The leading cause of kidney stones is a lack of water in the body.
Stones are more commonly found in individuals who drink less than the recommended eight to ten glasses of water a day.
• When there is not enough water to dilute the uric acid, a component of urine, the urine becomes more acidic.
• An excessively acidic environment in urine can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
• Medical conditions such as Crohn's disease, urinary tract infections, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney, and Dent's disease increase the risk of kidney stones.
Ayurvedic Treatment of Renal Stone/Calculi-
Small Renal Stones can be treated easily. It might even pass through the ureter to the bladder on its own, with time. However, large Renal Stones, too large to pass on their own, can be very painful and cause extensive damage to Kidneys and other organs. It needs proper and intensive treatment using a combination of powerful herbal remedies.
Large stone also gets dissolved by use of some ayurvedic medicines. Varun, Pashanabhed, hajrul Yahud bhasma, Punarnava, Punarnava mandur etc. are wonderful herbs for dissolving renal stone, but these herbs must be used under guidance of specialist.

Diet- (Pathya-Apathya) for Renal Stone
• Avoid consumption of too much salt.
Exercise in moderation.Avoid dehydration.
• Drink lots of water and healthy liquids.Include fibrous fruits and vegetables in the diet.
• Avoid unhealthy foods like sugar, processed foods, sugary drinks, sodas, alcohol, black tea and chocolate.
• Reduce intake of meats, eggs and poultry which are likely to increase the amount of acid in urine.
• Whole wheat bread, vegetable proteins, pulses and sprouted grains are a good alternative source of proteins, nutrients and fibres that reduce the risk of kidney stone formation.

Author's Bio: 

Dr.Yogesh Chavan is renowned Ayurveda Physician from Nashik, India. He is also a passionate blogger with the motto to spread Ayurveda Sciences to the community. He is spreading Ayurveda & health knowledge through articles in many newspapers & his blog www.ayushmanbhavayurveda.com . Dr. Chavan is an expert in Ayurveda medicine & panchakarma treatment. His work & sound knowledge in this field has been acknowledged by many institutes. https://ayurvedanashik.com