Who are you - a novice trader or a private investor? Let's look at the definition and try to figure it out.

So, a trader is a financial / stock market trader who seeks to make a profit. At the same time, the trader works directly in the market: he analyzes the situation and concludes trade transactions.

A private investor is an individual who invests (invests) his savings and savings in order to make a profit. An investor can be passive (working through a broker or just buying currency, metals, antiques or securities and waiting for better times to sell) or active (analyzing markets and making deals).

That is, an active private investor, ready to engage in trading in the stock market as a job, analyze and conclude transactions, is a trader. If you are ready to connect to the platforms and start working with your savings, you are a novice trader. And as a novice trader you should know the basic things about trading and strategies - in order not to make a mistake yourself and not to fall victim to scammers.

Strategies of traders
Surely everyone knows the concepts of “bulls” and “bears” with respect to the exchange. However, not everyone knows that these are the two main strategies of traders.

Bulls are traders who expect higher prices, enter into a contract to buy assets, and are waiting for a new increase to sell more expensive and get the difference as income. You do not need to be a mathematician to understand that bulls stimulate an increase in asset prices (purchases are going on - higher demand - higher prices).
Bears, as they say, play on a fall, enter into purchase contracts and wait for lower asset prices to buy as cheap as possible. Obviously, the actions of bears are pulling prices down.
However, this is not the only classification that traders' strategies suggest. First of all, bulls and bears stand out in margin trading (with a “shoulder”). At the same time, at different times the same trader can be both a bull and a bear.

Another important division in stock market trading is transaction types.
Short deals - an asset borrowed from a broker is sold for the purpose of further purchase at a lower price. Debt is returned, and the difference in price settles in the accounts of the trader.
Long transactions - an asset is bought in order to sell it at a higher price later. The difference in price is the income of the trader.
By the way, the names of transactions are in no way associated with their duration or the period of ownership of the asset - they can last for months or be completed several times per minute.

There is another important division of strategies.

Trend Trading - a trader opens deals in the direction of price movement. As a rule, this is ideal for a beginner, as this is a simple strategy with minimal risks and the possibility of making big profits.
News trading is an option for sophisticated traders. In this case, a fundamental analysis is carried out first, and then deals for multidirectional trends are already opened. This is a rather nervous strategy requiring exceptional analytical skills.

Again, this is not an exhaustive list of strategies. Experienced investors never adhere to any one style, they change and combine strategies depending on forecasts, market conditions and a specific type of asset.

But it’s not enough to know the strategies and classify oneself as bulls or bears. Successful trading requires knowledge of the laws and rules of trade, an excellent theoretical base, an understanding of the features of the functioning of the exchange and the stock market, planning and analytic skills, the ability to notice details that seem insignificant at first glance, and, of course, free capital. Recall, it’s worth starting with low revs. And high-class specialists to help you - do not avoid the services of professional brokers and financial consultants.

Trading platforms for the trader
Of course, in the 21st century, one of the main assistants to an active private investor is trading platforms for a trader. They are diverse in the market and can be accessed through your professional broker.

Beginners should start diving into the IT part of trading by studying the indicators and analytical charts that are in the interface of the trading terminal. They are easy to read and help you understand the basics. And then there are two serious levels: software for professionals and software for automated trading (by the way, it is better to choose the one where the investor can analyze and change strategies).

For example, QUIK and MetaTrader5 are popular among traders.

QUIK is a reliable and secure platform for trading on the Russian and foreign stock markets due to data encryption. It provides a wide range of tools for analysis and trading, and also has a unique data refresh rate. In order for the trader to be able to follow the operations and make transactions anywhere and anytime, there is a browser and mobile version.
MetaTrader5 is a program for trading derivatives, currency and stock market instruments with their own development capabilities. The platform, as follows from the description, is distinguished by the ability to create trading algorithms and reports in the MQL5 programming language.

There are other platforms, к примеру об еще одной вы можете прочитать тут https://www.avatrade-review.com/reviews but their principle of operation is approximately the same: providing the most relevant analytics and the ability to complete transactions from any work terminals. Everything else is implementation details.

What are the types of trading?

There are several types of trading, among which seven are most often found.
1
Scalping - trading, in which a trader receives a small profit from each price movement. It requires constant and painstaking work of the investor, since you need to work on the shortest timeframes (for example, minute frames).
2
Medium-term trading is the best option for beginners, calm and less risky than scalping. Profit / loss is formed from the movement of prices for periods equal to an hour, several hours, days. During this time, you can soberly analyze the data and choose a strategy.
3
Trading on long-term timeframes (week, month) is the basis on the analysis of economic processes, external factors, market movements. As a rule, he is chosen by large capitals - corporations, banks, and other financial institutions.
4
Instant trading is a rare type when an investor combines trading on different timeframes.
5
Technical trading - a trader trades on any timeframes based on technical analysis, that is, predicting the likely price changes based on how they changed in the past in similar circumstances (trend analysis).
6
Fundamental trading - a trader trades in the medium term using fundamental analysis, that is, analysis and forecasting of the issuer's market value based on company performance indicators.
7
High-frequency trading is trading that is not carried out by people, but by sophisticated powerful computers that perform up to several million computing operations per second in order to close a deal with maximum profit. This is a new, evolving tool that is nevertheless prone to attack and periodically harms global stock markets.

In addition, trading is classified by goals, assets, speed of operations, etc.

When a novice investor sits down at a computer and opens a trading platform, he often feels like a stock magnate behind a super-income control panel. This is a deceptive and insidious sensation. Trading is not a game and not entertainment, it is work with a busy schedule, high nervousness, requiring knowledge, skills, analysis skills and courage in decision making. Therefore, be sure to decide on the goals, time and professional assistant (broker) who will accompany you on the way to the stock market. In this matter, success is reasonable.

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