Ever wanted to have a european style fireplace in your home?
I show you have you can do it in one or two days.

In Europe there are several countries where the usage of fireplaces have a significant past and tradition. In Italy the fireplaces showed up in the middle ages when kings and noblemen tried to heat their castles in an efficent way, but it was not that efficent...
Nowadays firelaces are functioning just as efficiently as any other heating device.

So let's get to the point:

The first most important thing is to check if your chimney is good to connect to a fireplace. usually a chimney with 20 cm inner diameter is enough, if you have bigger inner diameter it is not a problem.

Purchase bricks according to the size of the fireplace, we will build the whole fireplace in bricks, with an oak beam shoulder.
Buy an oak beam 15x15 cm approx. 3 meter long.
Plus we will need insulation material: calcium silicate boards, or equivalent heat resistant boards - we will make the upper cover of the chimney pipes also of this material -,flexible tile adhesive 1-2 bags, metal L profiles to make a frame for the upper chimney pipe covering. And of course we need a fireplace hearth with approx 10 KW power ( with this power you can heat upto 200 m3)

Making the base of the fireplace:

Make a base for the fireplace using the bricks (you can use old used bricks also, just make sure they resist to high temperature 200-600 celsuis)and the flexible tile adhesive. Important: leave a hole (min. 10x30 cm) under the fireplace hearth for the air to come in from underneath (this will cool down the fireplace hearth and carry the heat upwards). The base can take any form you want, but it has to be wider than the sides of the fireplace what we will build on the top of the base for design purposes.

Now when the base is ready place the fireplace insert (hearth) on the base, make sure you leave 5 cm place between the wall and the back of the fireplace insert.
Conect the fireplace insert to the chimney with inox steel pipes with at least 0,8 mm wall thickness. Insulate the wall if needed (in case of not heat resistant walls)

Next you have to build the side walls of the fireplace. Use the bricks and the tile adhesive, and leave 5-7 cm space between the insert and the sidewalls. You can insulate sidewalls inside to make the fireplace last longer. The sidewalls have to come out from the wall until the sides of the fireplace insert, and there must be at least 2-3 mm space between the side of the fireplace haerth and the sidewalls. Never build or attach anything to the metal fireplace insert (except the steel pipes), otherwise the insert will brake and you will have to change it.
When you built up the sidewalls until the level of the upper frame of the insert, you have to make trusses to hold the oak beam console. It has to go under the oak beam what we will place on the top of the sidewalls, at least 10 cm-s.
It can be of any form what you like. Place the oakbeam on the top of the sidewalls and fix it to the bricks with plastic adhesive material of any brand (used to seal water pipes).
You can fasten the oakbeam into the walls, sinkening it 5 cm-s into the wall.

Now make the covering of the chimney connection pipes of the insulation boards (this will be built on the top of the oak beam, but not fixed to it). Cut out the proper form, make a frame of the metal L profiles, fasten the metal frame on the wall (not on the oakbeam). Place the insulation board on the metal frame and fasten it with bolts to the frame. Be sure to make the connections of the boards properly not leaving space between them. Cover the boards with plaster mesh, then render it with decor mortar.

Clean the base and the sidewalls, and your italian style fireplace is ready to work and give you lots of joyful moments.

( source: www.mcz.hu )

Author's Bio: 

Chris Krajicek is a pro fireplace and tile stove builder, domestic heating specialist.