Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Reversed Permanently?

You can reverse type-2 diabetes in just four months by keeping your glucose under control, exercising and cutting your calorie intake. This is already proved in a trial.

Type-2 diabetes is seen as a chronic condition, and it requires to be treated for life. Be that as it may, research conducted by Canadian researchers has shown that 40% of patients can get their insulin production restored.

The treatment plan to follow has to do with the creation of a personalized exercise regimen for the participants and also cutting down their calorie intake by up to 750 per day. Additionally, the participants will be attended to by a dietician and nurse regularly for tracking their progress. They will also continue with medication intake and insulin to manage their blood sugar levels.

Understanding the progression of diabetes

Obesity is the commonest cause of Type 2 diabetes. The cycle pattern followed by obesity patients is described below:

• Calorie-rich diet, especially if the diet is rich in refined carbohydrate
• Rise in insulin levels in the bloodstream to counter the effect of quick and high-acting carb intake
• Weight gain around the belly (truncal or central obesity)
• Body’s cells become resistant to insulin due to high insulin level in the blood, and this usually leads to weight gain
• Increase in insulin level will also lead to weight gain
• Blood sugar level will increase due to insulin resistance, especially after meal
• The pancreas will have to generate more insulin to counter the increase in blood sugar levels
• There will be feeling of lethargy due to high sugar levels. Hunger also increases due to increase in insulin in the body
• Hunger can lead to lethargy and overeating, especially when there is reduction of physical activities
• High insulin level, less activity, and overeating will culminate in increased weight gain, as well as more insulin resistance
• The pancreas is forced to produce even more insulin, and this can destroy the beta-cells, which are the cells in the pancreas responsible for producing insulin.
• The beta cell will struggle to produce insulin, leading to its damage. As a result, the increase in blood sugar level will be steeper, and the symptoms will be easier to recognize, like frequent urination and increased the frequency of thirst.

About diabetes

Type 1 diabetes
It happens when the pancreas cannot produce insulin, which is the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels. The organ can get damaged if the quantity of glucose in the blood gets too high. Type 1 diabetes makes up about 10% of all the forms of diabetes. This type is also the commonest in childhood diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes
This happens when the body cannot produce adequate insulin for proper functioning. It can also occur when the body cells fail to react to the insulin produced. As a result, glucose will get accumulated in the blood and will not be used p for energy production by the body.
This type represents the 90% of all diabetes forms in adults. It usually develops in the later part of life.

Gestational diabetes
This can happen in about 20% of pregnant women because their body cannot produce adequate insulin to metabolize the glucose. It usually disappears after giving birth but needs to be managed during pregnancy.

Can Type 2 diabetes be reversed permanently?

The best way to reverse diabetes is to break the vicious cycle described above, which is best done by removing the strain from the cell that produces insulin in your body.
The effective ways to reverse diabetes are described below:
• Bariatric surgery
• Very low-calorie diets
• Low-carbohydrate diets

Low-carbohydrate diets
They can reduce the quantity of insulin in the human body. As a result, they will reduce insulin resistance.
A 2014 study published by the Second University of Naples indicated that a low-carbohydrate Mediterranean diet could bring about a significant resolution of Type 2 diabetes. 15% of the participants registered a complete resolution of the problem after about one year of following the prescribed diet. About 5% of the participants achieved remission on a diet after about six years.

A diet containing low fat did not record similar effectiveness when compared to low-carbohydrate diet. Only 4% of participants could achieve remission after one year of following a low-fat diet. About 0% of patients could achieve remission after six years of following a low-fat diet.

Following a low-carbohydrate diet has recorded success in several patients as recorded by a UK GP, Dr. David Unwin.

Very low-calorie diets
You can achieve significant insulin resistance reduction and weight loss by following Very Low-Calorie Diet (VLCD). With this diet, individuals suffering from Type 2 diabetes can be free from the condition and stop taking diabetes medication.

A study published in 2011 by Newcastle University researchers indicated that an 8-week diet capable of burning 800 kcal per day could remit diabetes in seven out of eleven individuals that participated in the study. The diet is made up of 200 kcal from non-starchy vegetables and 600 kcal from meal shakes
MRI scan is used in the trial, and it showed the remission of diabetes correlated with a reduction in the amount of fat stored in the pancreases and liver.
Newcastle University is presently running a study on 32 participants. They are being put on the same diet for the same period, after which they are given a low-calorie weight maintenance diet.

The participants will then be checked after about two years of following the prescribed diet to assess the number of participants that will not relapse into diabetes over the period.

At the end of the study, about 40% of the participants could achieve and maintain Type 2 diabetes remission six months after the prescribed diet.

Some see VLCD as an extreme diet, and they suggest care should be taken when undergoing the diet. It is always better to involve your doctor before engaging in VLCD; this way; you can be sure if the diet is safe for you or not.

Some anecdotal reports gotten from patients, aside from the clinical trial results, show that diabetes can also be reversed to a great extent via the VLCD.

Type-2 diabetes can be reversed successfully when you are committed to exercising. The body can become more sensitive to insulin with regular exercise. The demand for insulin can be adequately reduced if you can combine exercise with a healthy diet. As a result, you can adequately reverse diabetes. Exercise must be combined with a good diet to reverse diabetes.

Many anecdotal reports have shown that diabetes remission can occur by regular exercise.

A 2015 study indicated that 67% of participants could achieve partial remission of Type 2 diabetes by taking part in a 6-month exercise and diet program. The participants were among those diagnosed newly with Type 2 diabetes.

Bariatric surgery
It can adequately reverse Type 2 diabetes, and it is done via gastric bypass surgery. The result has been impressive.

A study done in 2010 indicated that 72% of patients experienced Type 2 diabetes remission about three years after gastric bypass surgery. About 24% of participants could record a remission according to a 2013 study after six years of the gastric bypass surgery.

The most impressive of all the diabetes resolution methods for long-term assessment could only be obtained from gastric bypass surgery. Be that as it may, the surgical procedure carries considerable risk. The procedure is permanent, and you may need to change how you eat.

The stomach reduces in size during the surgery. After the surgery, the patient can only take a small quantity of food. The patient will equally have to take nutritional supplements for the rest of his or her life.

Can type 1 diabetes be reversed?
It is impossible to reverse type 1 diabetes for now. It is an autoimmune disease. To reverse it, one will have to prevent the immune system of the body from attacking its insulin-producing cells.

Research is underway towards finding a vaccine for type 1 diabetes that can reverse this condition.

Sources and references:

Natures Gist. How to Reverse Your Diabetes Naturally & Live a Diabetic Free Life.

Kalman D. Chromium picolinate and type 2 diabetes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003; 78(1): 92.

How to Get Diabetes Treatment Naturally.

American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Statistics. (accessed September 2013).

Author's Bio: 

I am a person who is attached to Healthcare & Fitness for a long time with specialization in public health.

I am a resident of the United Kingdom.

I am Chinedu Obiejesi who pick fun in writing and I am glad to be recognised as a contributor/writer at Selfgrowth.]

I have written for several health websites and organisations and I am glad to say I am a reputable recognised author at all of them