The Kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located on either side of the lower back. They are the part of the excretory system and help in the purification of blood by filtering out all the toxic and unwanted substances which can otherwise do to be very harmful to the person. These toxins are then thrown out of the body along with the urine. The Kidneys also regulate various metabolic activities which are important for our survival. The proper functioning of the Kidneys is extremely important and if the kidney stops working properly, it can lead to serious repercussions which include kidney failure or even death. Our Kidneys are vulnerable to a number of problems which can be genetic, congenital or acquired later in life due to unhealthy Lifestyle practices.

Alcohol is the greatest enemy of our Kidneys and majority of men suffering from kidney related issues are found to be alcoholic. Alcohol drastically damages our Kidneys as well as our liver and is also a major cause of Kidney and liver cancer. Deficiency of water can also severely damage your kidneys and lead to kidney stones. The unhealthy food that we eat also has a very bad impact on the health of our Kidneys. Kidney related problems can affect people of any age group be it, children or adults. Elderly and diabetic people are more prone to kidney-related ailments. Obesity is another factor that greatly increases your vulnerability to develop various renal ailments.

Renal ailments can prove to be very dangerous if not treated on time. Hence if you experience any of the symptoms, it is advisable to seek medical attention immediately. The doctor will conduct all the necessary tests and screening to determine the cause of the problem and start the treatment accordingly. Initially non-invasive or minimally invasive medical treatments like the use of medications and injections may be undertaken. In extreme cases dialysis may be suggested however if all these techniques fail to work, then a kidney transplant surgery is the only resort.

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that is opted for patients suffering from end-stage renal failure. The damaged Kidneys of the patient are removed and replaced by a healthy kidney. This new kidney comes from a donor who has the same blood group as the patient. The health of the donor is as important as the recipient and a person is not considered to be eligible for donating his Kidneys if he is on drugs or is suffering from a chronic communicable disease.

The life of the patient completely changes after the transplant. He may not be able to perform certain activities throughout his life and may even be restricted from consuming certain food products. The patient may experience a number of symptoms after the surgery. This might be an indication that your body has not accepted the new organ. It is extremely important to take minor signs into consideration to avoid complications in the future.

If your body is rejecting the new kidney, the doctors may prescribe you new anti-rejection medicines to replace the earlier ones. Rejection mostly occurs within 6 months of the transplant. However the chances of rejection decrease with time. Sometimes the rejection might not even show any symptoms and the patient will remain unaware of it. The most common signs of rejection include symptoms similar to that of flu, very high fever, a decrease in the amount of urine, excessive weight gain, persistent pain, swelling in the limbs, fatigue, general body weakness etc. Some signs of rejection may only be evident after a routine blood test.

The patient has to follow certain guidelines to make sure that the surgery is a success. These include mild exercises, maintaining a proper diet chart, physiotherapy etc. The patient should refrain from smoking and drinking as these can have a drastic effect on his health. Unhealthy fats should be avoided as much as possible. More greens should be added to the diet. Fresh fruit juices should be taken instead of packed juices.

A kidney transplant is a medical procedure of replacing severely damaged Kidneys of a patient with a new donated kidney taken either from a corpse or a living person. The kidney transplant is one of the most commonly performed organ transplant procedures and is the last resort for a patient suffering from kidney failure when all other medical procedures fail to work. Dialysis may help to postpone the need for the transplant but it cannot completely eliminate it and eventually, the patient needs to undergo the transplant. Kidney transplant has given a huge impetus to organ transplantation in India and is performed in all the best hospitals in India. Kidney transplant in India is comparatively cheaper than other countries. Although the kidney transplant can add more years to the life of the patient, however, the life of the patient will never be the same after the transplant. There are certain rules and guidelines that are to be followed by the patient throughout his life after the transplant. There are various risks associated with the procedure and the most common of these is organ rejection. The patient has to rely upon immunosuppressants throughout his life.

The kidney transplant is a very risky and complicated procedure just like any other organ transplant. Hence the patient needs extensive care after the surgery. There are very high chances of infection to the wound. The body may reject the kidney after some time putting the patient's life at grave risk. Hence the patient has to take anti-rejection medicines throughout his life. There are signs that clearly indicate the failure of the procedure. You need to make a note of all of these and in case you experience any of these, seek medical assistance immediately. Organ transplantation in India is offered by all the leading hospitals. The best hospital in India also provides special post-surgery programmes that include physiotherapy and mild exercises to speed up the healing procedure.

Author's Bio: 

Rahul Tyagi is a freelance content writer & blogger based in the India and he has been in this writing profession for the last 4 years. I keep on writing health-related topics and publish it.