Obesity is a common health problem for now a day. According to a survey 97 million adults are suffering for obese. Natural definition of obesity is excess body weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) is an important factor to determine obesity. BMI is calculated by dividing Weight to the height of a person. There are some standard measurements of obesity, generally over 30 BMI people declare as obese patient. Cause of obesity is generalized
•By consuming more calories from food than once basal metabolic rate (BMR).
•Genetic Heredity also a basic cause of obesity.
• Modern youth are very fond of fast food which consist lots of fats. So, environment is a factor of obesity.

Normally doctors suggest exercise and walk for loss fat but when BMI crosses 35 and exercise does not solve the problem. Doctors suggest obesity weight loss surgery to get rid of several risky daises like Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, Coronary Artery disease, Osteoarthritis, Diabetes and even several kind of cancer. The common name of this type surgery is bariatric surgery. There is several procedure of bariatric surgery. Most of the common procedures are,

Gastric Bypass Surgery: The short term of Gastric Bypass Surgery is RNY (Roux-en-Y) which is most common surgery than other types of surgery. In this surgery surgeon are created a small pouch at the end of the esophagus after cutting and stapling the top portion of the stomach and leave rest of the stomach associated to the top of the small intestines. Then lower portion of small intestine cut and attached to the small pouch but end of the small intestine attached with the bottom of “Roux limb” and it is a non-pouch portion.

Adjustable Gastric Banding: Adjustable Gastric Banding or Lap Band Surgery is one of the popular surgeries in US. In this procedure a Silastic and silicon band is sewed around the upper portion of stomach. The inner surface of band consist a balloon which is connected to half-dollar-sized port tube above the abdominal muscles and below the skin.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery: It is more effective than adjustable gastric banding or gastric bypass surgery. A stoma or stomach pouch also stapled in this kind of surgery but stomach is divided into two portions to generate long pouch which act as connection between esophagus and small intestine and rest of the stomach are cut off.

Before undergoing obesity weight loss surgery people should consult with surgeon and aware of long and short term post surgical complications.

Author's Bio: 

The Author is a medical expert by profession and has written articles on various health related issues. At present, She is working for www.fortishospitals-medicaltourism.com and writing on the topics like: bariatric surgery, treatment for multiple sclerosis, obesity weight loss surgery, infertility treatment, multiple sclerosis treatment etc.