Basic Structure of Safety Management Safety Department Safety Policy Identification of risk hazards Accident Analysis: Construction Safety Management
1. Introduction:
Construction sector produces a vast and varied range of products such as residential, commercial, and/or industrial buildings, Bridges, flyovers, Chimneys, cooling towers, Tunnels, Dams, powerhouses, Pipelines, Jetties, Harbors, Roads, highways, airports, etc. Construction methodology would change from the type of structure to be constructed, or whether on land or water, or whether in the urban or deserted area etc. Construction industry basically has to adopt local, untrained labor which adds extra budget on safety and quality. In spite of all these basic structures of safety management remains generally the same.

2. Basic Structure of Safety Management:
First, let us go thru the flow diagram of safety management plan for the construction industry
It may be noted that the different aspects of safety management plan described in all the rectangles above are separate subjects by them. We can write separate articles on each subject but here we have to discuss each one in short.
Let us discuss one by one all the elements of safety management shown above

2.1 Establishment of Safety department:
Initially, appoint an overall controller to take charge of Safety Department. He should be qualified in safety and have a rich experience in the field. Apart from his leadership and administrative capabilities, he should have a good interest in the field.
Once he is appointed, to whom will he report is an important question? If he is asked to report to some lower level person, safety function will never flourish in that organization. He should report either to the no. one or no. two of the company, not below that.
Ensuring sufficient fund allocation for safety function to run efficiently is one of the important aspects, which should never be overlooked.
Remaining part of organizing safety department may be left to the overall controller of safety. He should take care of organizing all other functions in safety.

2.2. Declaration of Safety Policy:
Safety policy is like radar to a ship. It is an important guide for any organization. As per section 40 (2)(r) of the Building and other construction workers (BOCW), Act 1996 and rule 39 of The BOCW Rules 1998, formulation of safety policy is compulsory for construction companies. As per the rule, the policy should contain intentions and commitment of the management, organizational arrangement for safety, the responsibility of safety at various levels, techniques and methods of assessments of risk to safety, arrangement for training, and other arrangements to make the policy effective. The policy should be signed by the no. one of the companies and it should be revised periodically

2.2a. Audio Visual Safety message from the Managing Director (MD):
This is an additional effort required for effective safety management. In any construction industry, the sites are stretched in various parts of the Country at different locations. It is not possible for the MD to visit each and every site. Hence his safety message may be recorded in an audiovisual format and its CDs may be sent to all sites. It should be viewed by one and all at the site. This activity gives the boost to safety activity.


Author's Bio: 

Marcep Inc. is a division of Marcep Group which has a JV with some of the major projects over the world and has entered the Asian market in sharing knowledge to the industry.