A cracked or broken tooth can result from a fall or accident. In such cases, you need to see a dentist immediately so the situation can be handled promptly. The right treatment will depend on the extent of damage on your teeth. The good news is that there are different treatment options and technologies available, and will ensure that you do not have to live with a cracked or broken tooth.

Although teeth is covered with enamel, which is the strongest tissue in the body, they can still crack and break. Some of the common causes of a broken tooth are a traumatic blow, crash or fall or chewing on hard things. Tooth decay and cavities can also lead to damaged teeth. These conditions weaken the teeth, making them more susceptible to breaking when you chew on hard food.

Types of Cracked or Broken Teeth

• Craze lines. They consist of small cracks that only affect the outer part of the enamel. Craze lines are common among adults. Although they are shallow and not painful, many people get them fixed for aesthetic purposes.
• Fractured cusp. This happens when part of the tooth’s chewing surface breaks off. This usually does not cause so much pain.
• Cracked teeth. This crack extends vertically from the chewing surface to the root. Early diagnosis is crucial to save the tooth in most cases. If left untreated, it can get worse over time and eventually lead to tooth loss.
• Split tooth. This happens when a cracked tooth is left untreated for a long time. The tooth shows distinctive crack segments that can be separated. A split tooth can no longer be salvaged.
• Vertical root fracture. These are cracks that start at the root of the tooth, extending to the chewing surface. A vertical root fracture do not show any signs and are mostly discovered when the surrounding gums and bones gets infected.

How to Repair Cracked or Broken Teeth

• Dental bonding. This treatment is used to repair cracked, chipped, discolored, decayed or gapped teeth. Dental bonding does not require anesthesia unless it is used to repair cavities. The dentist will rough up the tooth, put a conditioning liquid on it, and apply putty before molding and smoothening it. Ultraviolet light is then used to harden the composite.
• Crowns. One of the most common restorative treatments today, crowns act as caps that cover and protect the teeth. They allow cracked and broken teeth to withstand the pressure of chewing. When installing a crown, you will be given anesthesia and the tooth is prepared so the dentist can take impressions to design a permanent crown. The fabricated crown is then cemented to the tooth.
• Veneers. Essentially teeth covers, veneers are bonded to the front of the teeth for a natural and attractive result. With proper care, they can last for up to 30 years, so frequent replacements are not necessary. During the procedure, the tooth is prepared by shaving off a thin layer of enamel. Impressions are taken, and you are made to choose the shape, size and shade of the veneer you want.
• Root canal. In this procedure, decayed matter and nerves are cleared out from the infected tooth. Root canal therapy is effective for teeth with cracks that extend to the pulp. It also treats swollen and sensitive teeth, and those prone to aching. This procedure involves drilling into the tooth and removing nerves and pulp. The tooth is then sealed to avoid infections. A crown may be installed to enhance strength.
• Dental implants. Cracks on teeth that go all the way down the gum line are no longer treatable and require extraction. Dental implants replace these teeth. They are made up of biocompatible titanium screws drilled into the jawbone that act as roots of the new teeth.

Cracked or broken teeth can make a person self-conscious of their appearance, which can stop them from smiling. But with the right care, however, a skilled dentist can use one or a combination of the listed dental procedures above to restore their smile.

Author's Bio: 

Ryan Daniel is a professional Dentist in Castle Hills of Lewisville, The Colony, Tx and genuinely care about the health and well being of teeth and gums. Visit my website: D. Dental