Tzanck tests are an old school yet important serological test done to detect the Tzanck cells that are characteristic and peculiar of herpes simplex, herpes zoster, varicella and pemphigus Vulgaris. This test is also used to differentiate between Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome from Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. The test is named on its founder’s name i.e. Arnault Tzanck, who was a Russian dermatologist. This cytological test is very simple and cheap that is completely based on detecting a particular type of cell for the diagnosis of certain diseases. However, the popularity of the test has declined with the popularity of the histology, polymerase chain reaction, and virological culture. Tzanck test is used to diagnose various skin infections and blistering diseases. This test helps in diagnosing various vesicular, erosive, and bullous skin diseases.

Various vesicular, bullous, and erosive cutaneous diseases are reliably diagnosed using the Tzanck test. Cytology is an amazing tool to diagnose skin diseases easily and quickly. Tzanck test is based on the evaluation of Tzanck cells. Tzanck cells are the round keratinocyte that are large in size and have hazy and hypertrophic nucleus. These cells have abundant basophilic cytoplasm that is deep on the periphery creating a halo at the periphery.

Diagnosis of Tzanck tests

There is a specific procedure to do this test. Fresh blister on the patient’s skin is selected whose base is scarped by using a scalpel which is blunt. This scraping is done after gently removing the roof of the lesion. Then the scraped tissue is smeared on the slide of the microscope. It is allowed to dry in the air and then fixed with the preservative. Test in the laboratory is done by staining in this slide with various stains which is selected depending upon the possibilities of the diagnosis.
Treatment of these vesicular, bullous, and erosive skin diseases is difficult and usually, no long term relief is obtained from allopathic medicines.

However, on the other hand, Ayurveda, an Alternative System of Medicine can help in treating and managing the diseases and gives long term relief. Ayurveda is the ancient Indian system of medicines that manages the disease through natural methods of treatment including natural therapies and natural herbal medicines. These herbal medicines are prepared from herbs and natural compounds found in nature. As per Ayurveda, these diseases occur due to the imbalance in doshas or the natural humor of the body. There are three types of doshas Vata, Pitta, and Kapha dosha. Hence, treatment is based to balance these doshas hence eliminate the disease from the root cause.

Herbal Supplements

Planet Ayurveda is a Herbal company that offers various herbal combinations to treat chronic and complex diseases naturally. These herbal medicines are prepared from natural herbs that are purest and finest in quality. There are no additives, preservatives, dye, or chemicals added in these medicines which increase the efficacy and safety of these medicines. These herbal medicines prepared in the Planet Ayurveda are manufactured under the strict supervision of MD Ayurveda doctors and as per the ancient authentic Ayurvedic literature.

Various medicines like Manjishtha capsules, Gandhak rasayan, Boswellia curcumin, Aller G care capsules, Nirgundi oil, Jatyadi oil, Mahamanjishthadi Vati, Neem capsules, Kumkumadi tailam, Curcumin capsules, Radiant skin hair nail formula capsules, etc, are used to treat several skin diseases effectively and naturally. These are completely safe to be used by any age group of people, however, the dosage of the medicine is given as per the age of the patient, severity of the disease, and current condition.

Tzanck test is a specific tool to diagnose certain ailments and further, those ailments can be treated and managed naturally through Ayurveda!

Author's Bio: 

Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurveda) is an expert Ayurvedic Doctor based in Chandigarh, India, and doing his practice in Mohali, India. He is spreading the knowledge of Ayurveda - Ancient healing treatment, not only in India but also abroad. He is the CEO and Founder of Planet Ayurveda Products, Planet Ayurveda Clinic, and Krishna Herbal Company. For more info visit our website: www.planetayurveda.com