Kidneys are bean shaped organs which processes 200 quarts of blood each day and the waste released by kidney becomes urine. Waste released by kidney is collected from the breakdown of food - the process which helps to provide energy to the body and it also helps in self repair of body cells. A person suffering from symptoms such as feeling tiredness, increased need to urinate, low appetite, feeling swelling in hands and legs, itchy feeling, darkened skin or suffering from muscle cramps, should go to physician to asses kidney problems.

People who suffer from kidney problems should follow a routine diet to prevent kidney failure and the diet should have following restrictions.

1. If you are suffering from diabetes caused by high sugar intake, reduce intake of sugar. Reduce intake of refined oil and take limited quantities of cooking oil in diet. People who are non diabetic can take honey or sugar.

2. One should not take heavy meal at one time. Instead take meals five times or more times in a day and take light meats.

3. Do not miss any meal and always keep a check on the number of calories you are taking.

4. Reduce intake of proteins in diet although one cannot completely eliminate proteins from the diet.

5. One should have check on cholesterol levels and eliminate high fat diet from body. Cholesterol builds up inside the blood vessels and it hinders blood pumping activity.

6. One should also reduce the amount of Sodium intake as it can raise the blood pressure. One should avoid intake of processed and canned food products which contain a large amount of sodium.

7. Potassium which is found in many fruits and vegetables such as bananas, potatoes, oranges, peas, beans, nuts and dried fruits should not be taken as the kidney is incapable of removing excess minerals from the blood and it can affect the heart beats.

8. The person suffering from kidney diseases should safeguard themselves from anemia, the condition in which the quantity of red blood cells in body is low and therefore a controlled diet should be taken to release EPO which is needed to simulate the body to make red blood cells.

9. One should reduce intake of high fat diet and reduce weight to get rid of kidney problems. One can take whole grain breads, cereals and breads. Take a regulated amount of vegetable oils, margarine and canola oil. Take good amount of vegetables with every meal and half of the meal should include vegetables.

One should take adequate amount of water as it is needed to eliminate toxins from the body. It is very necessary to take at last 13 to 14 glasses of water. It helps to flush out toxins from the body. Fruits and vegetables such as cucumber, tomatoes and watermelons contain 90% of water and it can be taken.

One should limit intake of certain minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. Both the minerals are found in high quantities in dairy products. The food items rich in phosphorus are lentils, cheese, dried fruits, almonds and meats. Food rich in calcium are spinach, bananas and broccoli.

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