Diabetes is one of the most dreadful diseases known to humans. Millions of people across the world are either suffering from this metabolic disorder or are about to. Diabetes is characterized by high blood glucose which can lead to failure of other bodily systems. High level of sugar in blood is either due to the inability of pancreas to produce enough insulin or cells getting unresponsive to the produced insulin. Classical symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, increased thirst, and/or increased hunger. The disease is common to males and females and is curable only in specific cases or situations. Diabetes is said to be managed. In diabetes management, an effort is made to keep the blood glucose level within normal limits, as a level too high can damage different bodily systems and a level too low can lead to hypoglycemia.

Symptoms of diabetes are common in males and females, but there is a type of diabetes that is restricted to women, and that is gestational diabetes. Only pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes. Actually, women are at risk for gestational diabetes while being pregnant. Nearly 5% of the pregnant women suffer from this disorder during this phase of their life. Common symptoms of gestational diabetes are tingling in hands and feet, frequent urination, extreme thirst, blurry vision, and fatigue. There are high chances that a woman suffering from gestational diabetes gives birth to a baby with defects. Gestational diabetes, generally, ceases after childbirth, but keeps the person at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus at older age. Cause of gestational diabetes is the hormones that are released during pregnancy. Various hormones render the insulin ineffective, and therefore increase the level of glucose in blood, resulting in diabetes. Gestational diabetes can be treated with help of medicines and/or insulin injections.

There are two more types of diabetes, other than gestational diabetes, and these are type 1 and type 2, again affecting both the genders. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes and is generally found in children and adolescents. Women suffering from urinary tract infection or any viral infection generally suffer from type 1 diabetes. Again, symptoms include frequent urination, frequent thirst, and fatigue accompanied by unexplained weight loss, tingling in extremities, and blurring of vision. Insulin injections are used to treat this type of diabetes. Contrary to the type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes accounts for nearly 90% of the diabetes cases. Symptoms are similar as witnessed in type 1 diabetes, but also include frequent infections of skin, bladder, and gums; delayed healing of cuts, bruises, and wounds.

Overweight and obese females are at much higher risk of suffering from diabetes, and so are people who have family history of this disorder. Diabetes is manageable; all what patient needs to do is learn its management with help of medications/injections, maintain his/her weight, eat healthy diet, and do regular physical activity.Read about Signs Of Diabetes In Women.

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