Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb starts to grow in other places, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

It has the following characteristics:

1. High incidence, known as "modern disease."

About 10% - 15% of women of childbearing age suffer from endometriosis, and the incidence is increasing year by year. Due to the change of life and birth mode, the advanced age of menarche, the increasing number of ovulation and menstruation, and the incidence and recurrence rate of endometriosis is increasing, which has become the "modern disease" of modern women.

2. Seriously affecting women's health and quality of life

Endometriosis often causes pelvic pain, which will have the symptoms of dysmenorrhea, coital pain, long-term pelvic pain, abdominal pain, etc. About 80% of patients are suffering from discomfort. It also often makes women of childbearing age face infertility (about 50% of women with endometriosis have infertility). Therefore, endometriosis is a serious threat to women' s health and quality of life.

3. Endometriosis is characterized by a wide range of lesions, diverse forms, invasion, and recurrence, and is known as "benign cancer" and "refractory disease."

Endometriosis is mostly located in pelvic organs and peritoneum. Endometriosis cyst of the ovary (commonly known as "chocolate cyst") is the most common type. And it followed by uterosacral ligament, another visceral peritoneum, vagina, rectum, and diaphragm. Clinically, it is often called ovarian type, peritoneum type, and deep endometriosis type.

Besides, the disease can also invade other parts of the body, such as bladder, ureter, lung, pleura, appendix, diaphragm, etc. Endometriosis also has the characteristics of recurrence. It is a complicated disease for gynecologists to manage. Patients and their families are confused. It is known as "benign cancer" and "refractory disease".

4. Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent disease

Endometriosis usually occurs in women of childbearing age, which is related to hormones secreted by the ovary. After menopause, with the decrease of hormone level, it often does not develop. However, during pregnancy, the high level of progesterone in pregnant women will inhibit the growth of endometriosis. And it even makes the focus of endometriosis shrink.

Drugs for treatment of the disease are mainly aimed at the characteristics of hormone dependence, either imitating the "pseudo menopause therapy" of "menopause" or simulating the state of pregnancy, which is called "pseudopregnancy therapy."

The purpose of treatment of endometriosis is to "reduce and remove the focus, reduce and control pain, treat and promote fertility, prevent and reduce recurrence." Patients usually take surgical treatment, drug treatment, and a combination of surgery and drugs. Some infertile patients need assisted reproduction.

Surgical treatment is mainly for pain, infertility, and large mass caused by endometriosis. Laparoscopic surgery is the first choice. For those with mild symptoms, patients can choose herbal medicine Fuyan Pill for treatment. It is safe and effective and does not affect pregnancy.

In the selection of treating methods, we need to consider comprehensively according to the patients' age, symptoms, pathological location and pathological scope, as well as the different requirements of patients for fertility, and individualized treatment.

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