CFD (Contracts of Difference) trading involves speculating the price movement of an underlying asset without necessarily buying or selling the asset.

Unlike in traditional trading, buyers and sellers in CFD trades participate in the market by transacting based on the price movement of the share rather than trading the stock itself. If the share price moves upward, the buyer receives the difference in price. If the share price moves lower during the course of the CFD, the seller gains the price difference.

The main thing to remember about CFD trading is that the underlying stock is not transferred during the transaction. Only the monetary value is speculated and contracts are traded based on the movement of the share price.

The opportunities available in CFD trading are vast. You are sure to find amazing assets you can trade in CFD.
Find out more about CFD trading in the article below, everything from what it is, how it works, and the advantages and disadvantages of CFD trading.

CFD trading steps

Below is a step-by-step guide for trading with CFD.
•Open a demo account and practice your trading strategy
•Open a real account and fund the account when ready to trade
•Decide a market to trade on. There are plenty of opportunities with CFD
•Position your trade. Go for ‘BUY’ if you anticipate a price increase, or ‘SELL’ if you speculate a fall.
•Select a trade size. How many CFDs do you wish to trade?
•Add a stop-loss order
•Monitor your trade and exit the position based on your trade trigger.

Available markets and asset types

CFDs offer limitless opportunities to trade in the securities market. It is critical that you understand what asset types and markets are available and get to know what benefits each of the asset classes offer. Below are some common markets you can trade with CFD.
•Stocks
•Forex
•Bonds
•Options
•Stock indices
•Commodities (metals, energy, etc.)
•Cryptos

Costs of CFD trading

Spread charge:

The spread is the difference between the buy price (bid) and the selling price (offer) quoted for the underlying asset. You must pay the spread to make CFD trades. Brokers that don’t require spread charges feature commission fees instead.

Holding costs:

The holding cost is the financing rate you will be charged for holding a CFD position overnight. Generally, this charge is subject to any position that remains open at the end of the trading day (5 pm New York Time).

Market data fees:

Because CFDs are traded at real market prices, trade-related data (share prices, price data feeds, etc.) is streamed live from an exchange. This attracts a market data feed -in the form of a subscription- that allows you to trade and acquire live share prices.

Pros & Cons

CFDs are an excellent alternative to traditional trading. They offer the trader an array of opportunities to make profits from investing in the securities market. Even so, they present the trader with a hard time balancing their trade to make a considerable profit.

The Pros:

•Diversified assets
CFD providers offer a variety of trading opportunities, including stocks, treasury, currency, index, crypto, sector, and commodity. This allows you to speculate in a financial vehicle they are confident in.
•No day trading requirements
CFD trading is not bound by trading restrictions like minimum deposit, or limited trades per day, that are common in most traditional markets. Traders here can start day trading unrestricted. You can start day trading CFDs with as little as $500, although $2,000 and $5,000 are common minimum deposit amounts.

The Cons:

•You pay the spread charge
Traders have to contend with fees, commission charges, regulations, and high capital requirements in the traditional market. In CFD trading, you have to contend with spread costs designed to trim your profits. However, some CFD providers offer competitive spreads to allow you to make significant gains from small movements.
•Unregulated industry
CFDs are generally unregulated, making it a risky affair. Traders research and choose a brokerage service based on longevity, reputation, and financial position before opening an account.
•Risks
CFDs trade at real market prices making it a fast-moving market that requires close monitoring. There are a number of risks you have to beware of and form suitable strategies to mitigate potential losses. You have to maintain your margin, for instance. This means that if your position is losing, then your account has to maintain the required minimum balance to support the position. If you fail to cover the margin for a weakening position, your trade will be closed, and you will suffer the loss, regardless of how the deal moves after that. You also have to beware of liquidity risk, and leverage risk, among others.

FAQs

How long can I hold a CFD?
You can hold CFDs for as long you wish. However, because CFDs levy a holding charge, they start to become expensive over time. They are therefore ideal for short term trades. As a general rule of thumb, hold your position for 5 weeks, at most.
Can I trade CFDs without leverage?
Most brokers offer CFD trades that are leveraged. However, there are some providers who allow for trading CFDs without leverage.
Are CFDs the same as Forex?
CFDs and Forex trading are similar to some extent. They both involve trading based on asset price movement rather than the transfer of the actual assets. Transactions in both trades are decentralized, meaning that trades are carried out Over-The-Counter (OTC). In terms of leveraged trades, both CFD and forex trading offer trading by a margin.

Final Word

CFDs have become a popular technique of derivative trading. While only seasoned investors seem to take advantage of the opportunities available in this kind of investment, it offers a lot of benefits for nascent traders as well. The best way emerging traders can approach CFD trading is by practicing. Don’t rush to pour money into a real account only to lose your life savings after a couple of bad trades. We hope that this guide will provide some excellent tips to help you start trading CFDs.

Author's Bio: 

I am a professional writer and loves to write on different topics like SEO, Health, Money Making, Fashion, etc. It is my Hobby and passion.