Having trouble getting pregnant? Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant from the natural process (with intercourse) for at least a year with no success. Female infertility or male infertility is the main cause of not getting pregnant. According to the research 10 to 18 percent of couples have trouble getting pregnant or having a successful delivery.
When the cause of infertility exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Difficult to diagnose the causes of female infertilityNow a days most of female infertility reason diagnose problems with ovulation, damage or blockage in fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix. Age can contribute to infertility because as a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease.
Ovulation problems may be caused by one or more of the following:
To get pregnant, your ovaries must produce and release an egg, a process known as ovulation. Your doctor can help evaluate your menstrual cycles and confirm ovulation.
• A hormone imbalance
• A tumour or cyst
• Eating disorders
• Alcohol or drug use
• Thyroid gland problems
• Excess weight
• Stress
• Intense exercise that causes a significant loss of body fat
• Irregular menstrual cycles
Damage to the fallopian tubes or uterus can be caused by one or more of the following:

You need to have open fallopian tubes and a normal uterus. The egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tubes, and the embryo needs a healthy uterus in which to grow.

• Pelvic inflammatory disease
• A previous infection
• Polyps in the uterus
• Endometriosis or fibroids
• Scar tissue or adhesions
• Chronic medical illness
• A previous ectopic (tubal) pregnancy
• A birth defect

Infertility due to abnormal cervical mucus can also. Abnormal cervical mucus can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg or make it more difficult for the sperm to penetrate the egg.
Can female infertility be prevented?
There is usually nothing that can be done to prevent female infertility caused by genetic problems or illness.
However, there are several things that women can do to decrease the possibility of infertility:
• Take steps to prevent sexually transmitted diseases
• Avoid illicit drugs
• Avoid heavy or frequent alcohol use

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