Nowadays, we can witness more people incorporating CBD oil into their petswellness plan. What’s more, many veterinarians complement traditional animal medicine with oils and chewy treats infused with CBD oil.

 

At the same time, itching to make a buck, companies introduce questionable products to the market. In the best-case scenario, your furry friend will suffer from drowsiness, itching, vomiting and diarrhoea. If worst comes to worst, it may die.

 

But let’s focus on the bright side. You are reading the article which will give you a comprehensive overview of the CBD usage for dog treatment.

 

Why Does CBD Oil For Dogs Work?

 

As it turns out, every living being with a spinal column has the endocannabinoid system (ECS), so does your dog. In simple terms, there’s some Cannabidiol inside us and our pets.

 

The ECS takes the lead in creating homeostasis within the body. When the system is dysfunctional or damaged, a whole spectrum of disorders and disease come into play. Anxiety, stress, inflammation, nausea, arthritis, epilepsy and cancer, to name a few.

 

What Conditions Does CBD Oil For Dogs Treat?

 

 

  • Chronic Digestive Issues

 

 

The symptoms of chronic digestive problems in dogs include:

 

  • Vomiting;
  • Diarrhoea;
  • Depression;
  • Blood or mucus in the stool;
  • Loose stool;
  • Abdominal pain, distension and bloat
  • Weight loss;
  • Nausea;
  • Anorexia;
  • Fever.

 

All these conditions may be the symptoms of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastritis, enteritis or colitis.

 

CBD works in all the scenarios mentioned above, regardless of the disease nature (caused by parasites or infection). It helps to enhance the body’s natural functions, alleviate pain and stimulate the appetite.

 

 

  • Autoimmune Disease

 

 

Autoimmune disease encompasses the disorders where the immune system attacks the body. It manifests in chronic pain caused by cell types which promote inflammation (inflammatory cytokines). These types of cells are responsible for allergies and hypersensitivities in dogs and humans. CBD is known to decrease the production and release of inflammatory cytokines.

 

Depending on the organ or tissue, the immune system rejects, an autoimmune disorder can be life-threatening to dogs. The most common types of such disorders include systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), autoimmune hemolytic anaemia (AIHA), immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP), autoimmune skin diseases, and immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMP).

 

 

  • Neurodegenerative Diseases

 

 

With age, dogs can develop neurodegenerative diseases, such as Canine Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome (CCDS). The disorder is akin to Alzheimer’s disease in people. Dogs older than nine years of age may have small changes in their behaviour which owners may attribute to normal ageing. However, the changes progress over time and begin to affect the dog’s quality of life negatively.

 

Dogs with CCDS have impaired thinking, memory, and recognition. There are a few theories explaining the cause of CCDS. One is that a protein in the brain called Beta-amyloid forms plaques. They result in cell death and brain damage. Another theory is that changes in various neurotransmitters may play a role.

 

Signs Of CCDS

 

Any deviation from the dog’s normal behaviour should be brought to your veterinarian’s attention. The most common changes include:

 

  • Increased sleep at daytime;
  • Insomnia at night;
  • Disorientation;
  • Extreme irritability;
  • Bad memory (when a dog doesn’t recognise familiar people and can’t remember old tricks);
  • Shaking or pacing;
  • Decreased desire to interact with the world.

 

CBD can help to slow down the disease progress due to its calming effects on the brain. It slows the progression of degenerative nerve issues and protects existing brain cells from toxicity.

 

Cardiovascular Diseases

 

The most common heart conditions dogs suffer from are:

 

  • Valvular heart disease (VHD). VHD makes valves of the heart, unable to regulate the flow of blood through the organ;
  • Heartworms. They clog the heart and also affect normal blood flow;
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The disease causes weaker heart contractions and reduced ability to pump blood around the body;
  • Myocardial disease. The heart muscle overworks and causes thickening of the heart wall. Thus, there is less room in the heart for blood to flow;
  • Mitral valve disease. It involves the development of a weak valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle;
  • Cardiac arrhythmia with irregular heartbeats;
  • Pericardial disease manifests itself in the buildup of fluid in the sac which surrounds the heart and hinders its normal beating;
  • Congestive heart failure when the heart gets too thick to fill properly or too weak to pump properly.

 

Based on the study conducted by the American College of Cardiology in 2010, CBD can reduce blood flow disruptions, cell death, oxidative stress and fibrosis.

 

Pain Management

 

The critical component to maintain the quality of life is to manage pain adequately. Acute and chronic pains can be caused by injuries and progressive diseases, such as hip dysplasia, arthritis and IVDD (Intervertebral Disc Disease).

 

Traditional pain management is performed by a range of medications, such as NSAIDs, steroids, opioids, and antihistamines. All of them have a bunch of side effects stashed away.

 

Here are the most common:

 

  • NSAIDs: vomiting, diarrhoea, intestinal bleeding, ulcers, lethargy, liver and kidney failures;
  • Steroids: increased hunger, thirst and urination, vomiting, panting, skin problems, urinary tract infections, muscle weakness, and decreased overall immunity;
  • Opioids: respiratory problems, constipation, pain sensitivity, confusion;
  • Antihistamines: vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, confusion, lethargy, irregular heartbeat, hyperactivity.

 

Taking CBD for pain management can be considered as an alternative to traditional medications. There are a few studies to rely upon.

 

In 2016, Colorado State University completed a clinical trial, which demonstrated the safety of CBD for healthy dogs.

 

In 2018, more studies involving dogs suffering from pains were conducted. Cornell University study concluded that 2 mg/kg of CBD given twice daily reduces osteoarthritis pain in dogs. Liberty Leaf’s placebo-controlled clinical research demonstrated effective pain-management abilities of CBD. Dogs with osteoarthritis received 0.3 mg per kg of a CBD medication for four weeks daily reduced pain and improved functional performance.

 

Besides, 455 pet owners participated in an iHeartDogs survey about CBD. The question was: “How effective do you feel the product was for your dog’s condition?” The responses are as follows:

 

  • Very effective – 49.45%;
  • Somewhat effective – 23.95%;
  • Not sure – 20.84%;
  • Not effective – 5.76%.
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