The initial diagnostic analysis of the surgical patient focuses on the cause of current complaints. With the exception of strictly minor surgical disease, these initial analyzes should be completed with an evaluation of the patient's general health. They prepare patients for surgery, observe monitors and other equipment during operations and support patients when during postoperative recovery. The nurse of medical and surgical care helps anesthesiologists and surgeons. They also work with the patient in the medical information and recovery stage, after the surgical intervention.

Post-operative care

The post-anesthetic observation phase of the treatment is performed a couple of hours after the operation, during which the acute reaction to the operation and the residual effects of the anesthesia decrease. In general, a post-anesthetic recovery unit is provided with specialized personnel and equipment for this purpose. Patients who need continuous cardiopulmonary support or continuous invasive monitoring to avoid significant morbidity and death should be transferred to an intensive care unit.

Pre-operative care

The diagnostic tests have the primary objective of determining the cause and extent of the disease. The preoperative evaluation consists of a general routine checkup of the patient health status to identify important abnormalities that could increase the post-operative or operative risk influence. The preoperative preparation includes interventions determined by the findings in the diagnostic analyzes and the preoperative evaluation by the medical animation and by the nature of the operation itself. It includes specific interventions, carried out in order to reduce the risk of perioperative complications.

Monitoring of surgical care

The follow-up of operational care must be taken as progress with the series of both pre and post – operative situations. In order, these terms combine, overlap and vary in relative importance between patients. Complications, death and the final therapeutic result in the surgical patient depend on the competence with which each successive phase is handled. It is very important the look after just before and after the surgery needs a premium requirement of preparation and pre-operative evaluationsandpost-anesthetic intensive care and observation. The greater complexity of critical surgical care has generated a team method for the ICU patient,

Conclusion: preparing for the surgery

Before surgery, an identification bracelet around your wrist is placed by the authority. You will put on a hospital gown and will ask to remove your jewelry. A venous catheter will probably be applied to the hollow of your wrist. Before going down to the operating room, anesthesiologists take care of giving you a premedication that allows you to relax and face the surgery in the best conditions.You will be transported to the operating room in a bed and upon your arrival you will carry out a first identification check and patient guides. You will then meet the anesthesiologist who will carry out a second check, then your anesthesia. Before beginning the surgical procedure, the surgeon will carry out a third identification and will control, for the last time, the operative indication.

Author's Bio: 

Marina Pal is a renowned author and social media enthusiast.