Who is a web developer?
A person who designs and develops any entity of web i.e. a web page, website, ecommerce site, is a web developer.

Types of web developer
There are 3 types of web developer:
1. Front-end web developer
2. Back-end web developer
3. Full stack web developer

Guide to become a web developer?
Any individual who is looking forward to becoming a web developer; of any type, should know the roadmap to becoming a successful web developer.

So, if you are interested in getting down this path should continue reading this article. I have talked about a few important skills that one should learn to become a web developer regardless of kind. I have also listed a few aptitudes specifically required for the 3 types. So, if you want a proper guidance for a type or just need information in general, you will have answers to you questions by the end of this article.

Have we missed covering any point, let us know in the comments section and we will fill you in with the current information provided by our mentors and niche experts?
Now, if you are naïve and don’t know which path to choose, I am here to help you. Here is a list of questions you should ask yourself before taking a final decision or settling down a path.

1. What are my interests?
2. Am I more towards logic (back-end), art (front-end), or a perfect mix of both (full stack)?
3. How can I bring the innovation to the game?
4. What excites me the most?
5. Which one has the better job opportunities?
6. Do I see my future with my choice?

Once you have a clear answer to all these questions, you will know what you want.

This guide will help you in knowing what you are required to become a web developer. However, to make the topic on point I have not added learning resources. If you want to learn web development online I will advise you to take online bootcamp classes. You can get a degree, get yourself in-demand web developer certifications , learn by watching videos on YouTube, or start out as an internee in a web development company. Choice is all yours.

General skills to become a web developer
Some skills are the core of web development and they should be acquired without a question. Such are the skills that we have mentioned in this section that you should learn regardless of your preferred type.
• SSH lets you restrict another host login. This is a networking technique to ensure security, a web developer should be familiar with.
• Git is among the most famous version control systems. A web developer is incomplete without the basic know how of Git. Github helps developers to share their code, solve each other’s problem, and grow as a community.
• A web developer is incomplete without the knowledge of Data Structures and Algorithms. These are the facet of a code or a program and help a web developer in the long run.
• Knowing the Fundamentals of CLI is not only important for a web developer but every programmer there is. Every inspired web developer is good with CLIs and working around them.
• Encoding of Characters helps a browser to show the data in correct form.
• A web developer should know about HTTP and HTTPS version, how to unify them, and which version to use.

Frontend Developer Skills
Now, let’s be more specific. If your choices incline you towards becoming a front-end web developer, then these are the top and the most important skills you should learn this year. Also, these skills are not the cherry on the top of the cake but every ingredient that you need to bake a cake. Here, the cherry will be your dedication and determination. So, let’s begin with the baking first and then you can add the cherry.

1. Web Development Basics
Undoubtedly, every pro begun his career with taught the basics. So is my advice for you. Start with taught the basic of web development first and then dive into the depth. Some basics you should be good be aware of will be,
• What is internet
• What is a website
• What are web applications
• Web protocols
If you already have a handful of information on these topics, then proceed forward.

2. HTML and CSS
HTML is the ingredients for the cake and CSS is the topping and styling. In web development, HTML aids you in building a website structure whereas CSS add the look and feel of the website. You can never call yourself a frontend developer until and unless you have mastered these two.
3. JavaScript
JavaScript is a scripting language that blows the life into the website. JS makes a website interactive and adaptive.
4. TypeScript
TypeScript aids in object-oriented coding in JS. It is considered as JavaScript’s advanced version. It also helps in catching errors in JS codes during development part by defining type-safety in the code.

5. Angular JS

Call Angular a cool tool for JS programmers. It is a framework that helps in developing web and mobile applications. It was introduced by Google and is therefore a buzz word for determined developers.
7. React JS
React is another JS library that helps in web and mobile application development. It was introduced by Facebook and has stolen many clients from Angular since its introduction as it fetches that data much faster. React lets you define reusable components that you can call later to create even interactive websites and applications.

8. Vue JS

Vue JS is another framework of JavaScript that again helps in developing web applications. Vue Js has become popular quite faster as it makes adaptable infrastructure very fast.

Backend Developer Skills
Now, if you want to become back-end developer, you should learn following skills.

1. Java
Java is by far the most popular language for back-end developers. It is object-oriented and decreases the number of dependabilities within the program making it easier to understand and simpler to code

2. Node.js
It is an open-source, server-side, run-time environment for JavaScript. Node.JS runs JS code outside of a browser and lets you build a complete web app using JavaScript only.

3. Ruby
Ruby is another open source powerful language which is dynamic in nature. Ruby is easy to understand and program and is an ideal choice for web development

4. Python
Another great programming language for back-end developers is Python. It is more productive and interpretive and contains many powerful libraries and frameworks.

5. PHP
PHP is a bit outdated now and not many developers are pursuing it. Yet I should say it is still in the demand and many companies only work on hardcore PHP. It is simplest to code and still, around halt proportion of the internet depends on this language.

Back-end developer skills
Lastly, if you have chosen to become a full stack developer. Then as the name suggests, you will have to get both the skills required for a frond-end and back-end developers. Here, you will have to be bit more smarter in choosing the right scripting and programming language for you since you will be filling the requirements for two different positions.

Author's Bio: 

writer and seo expert