Alcohol is a psychoactive element with dependence-producing properties Which has been broadly used in many cultures all over the world.It causes different disease, social and economical burden in societies when it is used harmfully.The result of using more alcohol can affect other people,such as family members, relatives, friends and co-workers.According to the WHO report, alcohol consumption is a causal factor in more than 200 disease and injury conditions. Drinking alcohol can affect different health problems such as physical,mental and behavioural disorders, including inflammatory damage,liver cirrhosis, cancers,cardiovascular diseases as well as road clashes and collisions. You can learn more from the Alcohol Rehabilitation Centre in Pune.

It’s effect vary person to person

How alcohol affects you can build on a range of factors, including your

  • Gender
  • Physical and mental health
  • Medical conditions
  • Use of others drugs and medications

Alcohol can affect you more rapidly if you,

  • Drink on an empty stomach
  • Have a lower tolerance to alcohol
  • For a young person
  • Have a lower percentage of fat and muscle on your body
  • Less weight
  • Rarely drink of alcohol

What happens in your body:

  • It passes into your body by the wall of stomach and small intestine.
  • It transfers to all parts of the body as well as the brain.
  • It slows down your brain and affects all parts of your body.

It takes only a few minutes to reach the brain and start it's reaction.Most important thing is that your liver withdraws most of the alcohol from your body by breaking it down. You can learn more from the Drug Rehabilitation Centre in Pune.

Short- Term Effects of Alcohol

Though a person may not be misusing alcohol regularly, he can still affect its short-term effects on the mind and body.Because the liver can metabolize one standard drink of alcohol per hour.To consume more than one beverage per hour can conduct intoxication, moving an individual's blood alcohol content (BAC) with each drink.

Short-term effects of alcohol are

  • Disturbance of concentrating
  • Leading to poor social judgment, less inhibitions
  • Loss of critical judgment
  • Loss of coordination
  • Reducing core body temperature
  • Dull perception,mainly vision
  • Raising blood pressure
  • Vomiting
  • Mood swings
  • Passing out

Long-term effects of Alcohol

Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol over time can cause chronic physical and mental health problems.

Long-term effects are

  • Increasing risk of diabetes and weight gain
  • Mental health problems like increasing risk of suicide
  • Addicted to alcohol, especially if you have anxiety or depression
  • Reduced sexual performance
  • Increased the possibility of Cancers such as breast cancer,stomach cancer,bowel cancer, mouth cancer, throat cancer,esophageal cancer and liver cancer ( sources: National Cancer Institute of USA)
  • Reducing sperm count and testosterone levels in men.
  • Increased risk of brain damage and brain-related problems like stroke and dementia
  • Increased heart issues such as high blood pressure, heart damage and heart attacks
  • Liver cirrhosis and liver failure
  • Memory loss
  • Drinking any amount of alcohol can harm the fetus or newborn.

Effects of Alcohol Abuse on the body

Abusing alcohol on the body can cause many problems. Here's how alcohol can affect your body.

Liver: One of the most possible acute medical consequences of chronic alcohol abuse is liver disease. By continuing alcohol abuse, the liver may become inflamed or scarred. Different issues related to liver such as fatty liver, alcohol hepatiti, fibrosis,and cirrhosis may develop including liver cancer.

Digestive system: Alcohol can increase the production of stomach acid which can contribute to ulcers and may also alter nutrient breakdown. On the other hand, thiamine deficiency is common and leads to serious neurological issues along with it can also weaken blood sugar control.

Pancreas: Alcohol excites pancreatic production of harmful substances, which can lead to pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas which breaks digestion.

Central Nervous System (CNS): Thiamine ( vitamin B1) scarcity Associated with chronic heavy drinking can lead to Wernicke- Korsakoff syndrome. Liver disease can also damage the brain along with sleep changes, alterations in mood, personality changes,anxiety, depression and incoordination.

Cardiovascular (CV) health: Drinking alcohol has hypocritical impacts on cardiovascular health. In 2016, alcohol related CV diseases caused approximately 593,000 deaths globally. High blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, blood clots, trouble pumping blood to the body,stroke or heart attack are the results of drinking more alcohol.It also causes malnutrition and anemia.

Reproductive Health: Consumption of too much alcohol can lead to reproductive problems, including irregular Menstruation and erectile dysfunction. Increasing risk of miscarriage, stillbirth or having a child with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) for the woman who drink at the time of pregnancy.

Bones: Drinking alcohol can cause calcium imbalance in the body. Consumption of much alcohol can also cause breakdown to the production of vitamin D, which is very important for calcium absorption.For this reason, the absence of calcium increases the risk of osteoporosis.Thus, osteoporosis raises the risk of bone fracture, which can causes serious pain and disability.

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