Jharkhand came into existence as an independent state in the year 2000. Prior to that, the area was part of the state of Bihar in India. Presently, Ranchi is the state capital of Jharkhand. The place has been inhabited by humans since Mesolithic-Chalcolithic and thus possesses a rich archeological and cultural history. Stone tools, cave paintings and arechelogical ruins of ancient monuments stands as a replica to the vast ancient history of the state.

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Author's Bio: 

One of the fairly newer states, Jharkhand was carved out of the southern portion of Bihar in 2000.