It is believed that golf originated in Scotland , and was invented by shepherds , who with the help of staves (the future of golf clubs) pounded stones into rabbit holes. Presumably the game already existed in the XIV century , and in the XV century in Scotland published a number of laws prohibiting the playing of "gouf." In the XVII century ball clubs played already in the Netherlands . The game in its present form took shape in the XIX century in Scotland.

Rules of the Game

Golf player can use at least two but not more than 13 types of clubs. In each game, the participant must pass a certain number of holes (usually 18) in a certain order. Hole in this case called itself a hole in the ground, and the whole area for the game (usually consisting of the starting area - the site "T" ("Te", "T-Stand"), the main area ( fairway , "forward direction "Wed channel) and a special forum to cut hole in it -" Lawn »(green). at the site for the game can present a variety of obstacles - water hazards, bunkers and sand, bushes, trees, tall grass. To start the ball with the identification Tagged Player is installed on the launch pad (site "T"). Ideally, the golfer, as a rule, should be the first to get hit on the main floor, hold the ball for him a few blows (depending on the type of site) and get on the green - grass area with an ideal at which the ball rolls without interference. In order to get the ball into the hole with the green, a special type of putter - putter .

Tournaments

Among the most important professional tournaments for men are: Masters , Open Championship U.S. (US Open), British Open (The Open Championship), and the championship of professional golfers association (PGA Championship).

October 9 2009 121 Session of IOC in Copenhagen on 63 votes to 27, , it was decided to include golf in the program of Olympic Games 2016 in Rio de Janeiro .

Golf Clubs

Wood ( Eng. Wood) - stick with a massive head and the angle of the plane strike from 7 ° to 15 °. Wood ball is put into the game. Allows you to send the ball to a distance of 300 meters ("Driver").

Iron ( Eng. Iron) - stick with the lighter shovel head for the impact of sending the ball to the shorter distance. The angle of attack plane from 15 ° to 45 °. Clubs vary in number. A larger number allows you to send a ball through a large angle to the horizon on a smaller distance. The distance strike from 70 to 150 meters.

Wedge ( Eng. Wedge) - different from the angle irons even greater kicking surface (45 ° -64 °) and the need to knock the ball like a canopy of sand (Sand Wedge) or grass (Chipping Wedge) by a small distance.

Patterson ( Eng. Putter) - stick with a light head L-shaped to play on the green and causing a stalemate - rolling strikes that rolled the ball into the hole.

Glossary

Patt - light punch , running on the green (part of the field, which is the shortest grass and also where the very hole ), the main purpose of which is falling into the hole.

Swing - the brunt of golf, the main purpose of which send the ball far and accurately.

Slice - hit a ball which flies straight, but then significantly deflected to the right (for right-sided player with a rack).

Pairs - the number of beats for which the player must take place well. There are three types of "vapor" - a par 3, par 4 and par-5, the main difference that the distance from the tee (the place of the start) to the wells. Very rarely, but still occurs and the vapor-6. On average, the distance varies from 100 to 550 meters. For example par 3 (110 meters), par-4 (320 meters) and the par-5 (480 meters).

Bird ("Bird") - the number of strokes on a smaller pair.

Eagle ("Eagle") - the number of attacks on the two smaller pair.

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