For a man, the most painful thing in life should be testicular pain. The testis is one of the essential male internal reproductive organs. It is located in the scrotum, one on the left and one on the right. Its primary function is spermatogenesis and androgen secretion, which helps maintain male sexual characteristics, and generally, the left testis is slightly lower than the right testis.

It is extremely painful when impacted by external forces because the surface of the testicle is covered with many nerves, even connected with the stomach nerve and vomiting center. Perhaps an unintentional blow in sports activities will make men vomit on the spot, destroy their children and grandchildren, and cause irreversible damage.

Testicles are fragile. They can't "act rashly" or get too hot. Yes, testicles are afraid of heat. The most suitable temperature for testicular survival should be about 34 ℃ to 35 ℃.

If the temperature is higher than this for a long time, it will affect the spermatogenic function of the testis and the quality of spermatogenesis. It is suggested that boys who have a sauna hobby quit as soon as possible. Even if a hot laptop is placed on the thigh, raising the crotch temperature is a risk, which is not a healthy habit.

Testicles are not only fragile but also sickly. There are four common diseases of the testis:


Bacteria and viruses usually cause orchitis. The testis is rich in blood and lymph supply, rarely has a bacterial infection. It has strong resistance to bacterial infection.

Orchitis is mostly caused by inflammation of the adjacent epididymis, so it is also called epididymis orchitis. There are many orchitis causes, including infection, trauma and tumor, and infertility in severe cases. Therefore, active treatment is necessary. The safe and effective treatment often chosen by patients is natural medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill.

Testicular tumor

Testicular tumors are rare, accounting for only about 1% of male systemic tumors, but they are the most common malignant tumors in young men aged 15 ~ 34. Like orchitis, cryptorchidism is the most common risk factor for testicular cancer.

The incidence of testicular tumors in patients with cryptorchidism aged 15 ~ 35 is 2.5 ~ 20 times higher than in ordinary people. Testicular injury, long-term use of estrogen, and orchitis caused by some virus infections are essential factors driving testicular tumors.

Testicular torsion

In the clinic, testicular torsion, also known as spermatic cord torsion. It refers to a disease in which testicular blood supply is blocked, reduced, or even interrupted by testicular rotation along the longitudinal axis of the spermatic cord, resulting in testicular ischemia, final necrosis, and then testicular atrophy, and even infertility.

The disease is not limited to age, and the high incidence age is 12 ~ 18 years old. It usually occurs in sleep or get up, or suddenly after strenuous exercise. It will cause not only severe pain of the scrotum but also nausea and vomiting. Untimely treatment may cause testicular necrosis.


Cryptorchidism is also known as testicular insufficiency. It refers to the failure of one or both testicles to fall into the scrotum and stay in any part of the way. The disease will affect testicular development, resulting in low reproductive function or infertility, testicular torsion, malignant transformation, and testicular tumor in adulthood.

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