Oncology is a field of medical science which deals with the study of tumors with respect to cancer. Physicians working in the field of oncology are known as oncologists. The study of oncology includes the diagnosis of all types of cancer in a human being, apart from the therapy and palliative care of these patients.

Following up with cancer patients after a successful therapy is a part of roles and responsibilities of an oncologist. Processes which are used by oncologists during diagnosis and treatment include biopsy, endoscopy, X-rays, CT scanning, blood tests, tumor markers, scintigraphy etc.

Educational Aspects

A 4 year degree (MD – Doctor of medicine) from a medical school (after clearing of MSAT like admission tests) combined with specialized training will make a good foundation towards being an oncologist. This specialized training includes completion of a residency program as well. Certifications are available only after clearing fellowship. Subscribing to a college & university directory is recommended to get more information about the latest educational and career based aspects.

Areas of Specialization

An oncologist can specialize in many areas as follows:
Medical oncology (chemotherapeutic methods for treatment)
Pediatric oncology ( with respect to children)
Gynecological oncology (cancer affecting female reproductive organs)
Radiation based oncology (utilization of radiation based treatments)
Surgical oncology, often dubbed as hermatology (usage of surgical methods)

Practicing in these sub specialties requires a separate license. Scope of research and development is also available for experienced oncologists.

Job Aspects

Hospitals, clinics and healthcare set-ups hire oncologists. They are in great demand as the field is expected to grow tremendously. Private practice (via own clinics) is also available and many oncologists take to private practice after a certain amount of experience and specialization. Jobs in the government sector are also available, apart from providing knowledge to students via the teaching field.

Salary Aspects

Oncologists receive a thunderous pay package which is in-line, or even more than the average income of a general physician.

Lastly, with an excellent employment outlook, the field of oncology has its share of stress from stretching for long working hours and adjusting to odd work timings.

Author's Bio: 

Any university directory will cover the educational requirements to be an oncologist, but not many would provide information about the career growth and other aspects related to this field. Zero-in towards an unbiased and accurately updating college and university directory.