In vitro fertilization and Intracytoplasmic sperm injection are medical procedures aimed at helping childless couples. IVF and ICSI Infertility treatments have been highly successful in helping numerous infertile couples by giving them the gift of parenthood. Both the techniques use the same approach of combining male and female gametes manually and allowing the process of fertilization to take place normally, after which the zygote is for formed. This zygote is then placed inside the mother's womb where it grows naturally. Although both the procedures seem to be quite similar, yet there is some difference between the two. You can find some of the best ICSI and IVF treatment hospitals in India, where you can avail for the treatment at much lower rates as compared to other countries. Dr Soma Singh is a very trusted name when it comes to IVF treatment.

Infertility is a medical condition of the human reproductive system marked by the inability to conceive a child. The problem may arise due to a partner’s lack of contribution in conception or a woman’s inability to carry a pregnancy for the entire gestation period. It is very often marked with an inability to conceive after a period of twelve months of regular sexual intercourse without any use of birth controls. The rate of infertility is continuously growing throughout the world at an alarming rate. Many researchers have concluded that unhealthy lifestyle pattern, stress, tension and pollution are the major reasons lying behind infertility. Around 8-12 per cent of the couples around the world face the issue of infertility.

Conception and pregnancy are a complicated process that depends on a number of factors. It is a common presumption that infertility can only affect women but in reality, only one-third of the cases reported are due to female Infertility, one-third of the cases are due to male infertility and the remaining one third are due to unknown causes or inability of both the partners to work effectively. These unknown causes form around twenty per cent of the cases of infertility.

The causes of infertility in men can be accounted to low sperm count, low sperm motility, abnormal sperm i.e. the sperm might have an abnormal shape, hormonal imbalance and ejaculation errors. In cases of women, the reasons can range as ovulation error (this accounts for 25% of female infertility), blockage in the fallopian tube, or problems in the cervix. Besides this uterine issues such as weak muscles or uterine fibroids also affect the process Some cause common to both are smoking, alcohol, over or under exercise, exposures to chemicals (present in food, dyes etc), genetic makeup, age, diet and so on.

In-vitro Fertilization treatment:

In-vitro fertilization treatment commonly known as IVF is the most common kind of infertility treatment present. In this procedure, the sperms and ovum are taken from male and female partner respectively and combined manually. The process of fertilization is then allowed to take place naturally. After fertilization, when embryos develop the embryologist collects the healthiest embryo and then safely transfer the embryo into the uterus of the woman where it grows normally.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection:

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection often referred to as ICSI is similar to IVF treatment in which a sperm collected from the male partner is directly injected into the egg taken from the female partner.

In BLK Hospital, Although both the procedures aimed at helping infertile couples, the difference lies in the method utilized for fertilization.

In IVF the sperm and ovum are mixed together in a dish and the sperm fertilizes the ovum naturally. To assure this, large numbers of actively swimming sperm samples are mixed with an ovum. However, in many cases of infertility the number of sperms might be limited or with very less mobility and in such a case the procedure won't be of much help and may even fail. ICSI is thus suitable in such cases where the male partner has a very low sperm count, abnormal sperm or lack of sperm mobility. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection came as a source of relief for a lot of infertile couples.

In ICSI treatment a single sperm is collected through a very fine glass needle and injected directly into the ovum. The process is very carefully carried out in the laboratory by an experienced embryologist using various equipment. In this case, only a few sperms are required and besides this no need for sperm shape or mobility because penetration is done by the glass needle. ICSI treatment does not guarantee that fertilization will occur as a normal event of fertilization is necessary to take place after the sperm is placed into the ovum.

ICSI offers a good chance to men who have very little or no sperm in the semen to be able to have a child by direct retrieval of the sperm either from the epididymis. It is also good for people who have their sperms frozen, to get direct fertilization.

Thus the difference effectively explains the convenience of ICSI over IVF in cases where the male partner has issues related to infertility. In cases of minor issues or unknown causes, IVF being an old and dependable procedure is often used just to have a surety of having a natural process.

Author's Bio: 

From the above-mentioned discussion, it is clear that the cause of infertility ranges from very simple to severe reasons. The reason can be due to a lifestyle pattern, diet, medication, diseases or so on. On the other hand, biological factors affect the rate of infertility tremendously. There are a number of procedures used to treat the issue of infertility out of which in-vitro fertilization treatment and Intracytoplasmic sperm injection are very common. IVF and ICSI treatment in India are both often used and are suggested depending upon the type of issue. ICSI is usually suggested by a doctor in cases when there is an issue from the side of the male partner due to one or the other causes both biological and environmental. These two procedures have been highly successful in helping numerous infertile couples to be able to have their own babies. There are many new technological advances in the process too. Specialists like Dr Soma Singh have helped to make both the procedures a great success in India.