Anorexia nervosa is an illness that usually occurs in teenage girls, but also in theenage boys, and adult women and men. People with anorexia are obsessed with being thin. they lose a lot of weight and are terrified of gaining weight. They believe they are fat even though they are very thin. Anorexia is not just a problem with food or weight. It is an attempt to use food and weight to deal with emotional problems.

People with anorexia starve themselves, avoid high-calorie foods and exercise constantly. People with bulimia eat huge amounts of food, but they throw up soon after eating or take laxatives or diuretics (water pills) to keep from gaining weight. People with bulimia do not usually lose as much weight as people with anorexia.
The reason why so many people get anorexia is not known. People with anorexia may believe they would be happier and more successful if they were thin. They want everything in their lives to be perfect. People who have this disorder are usually good students.
People with anorexia have dry skin and thinning hair on the head. They may have a growth of fine hair all over their body. Girls and women usually stop having menstrual periods. People suffering from anorexia are often in a bad mood. It is difficult for them to concentrate; thus, they often cannot do their work properly anymore. They always think avout food and are always hungry. Feeling hungry gives them a feeling of control over their lives and their bodies. It makes them feel like they are good at something - they are good at loosing weight. People with severe anorexia may be at risk of death from starvation.

Treatment of anorexia is difficult, because people with anorexia believe there is nothing wrong with them. But for successful treatment, patients must want to change. People with more serious aborexia need hospital care. Anorexic patients often need counselling for a year or more so they can work on changing the feelings that are causing their eating problems. These feelings may be about their weight, their family problems or their problems with self-esteem.

The most important thing that family and friends can do to help a person with anorexia is to love them. Those people need love regardless if it's about a mental or a physical problem. You need to give them a professional help either by a professional mental doctor or by helping their bodyfor example People with anorexia feel safe, secure and comfortable with their illness. Their biggest fear is gaining weight. and gaining weight is seen as loss of control. They may deny they have a problem. People with anorexia will beg and lie to avoid eating and gaining weight, which is like giving up the illness.

Studies have shown that nearly every young woman and nearly half of all middleaged women have dieted in order to lose weight at least once in their lives. In most cases dieting is used in combination with physical exercise. The weight loss, weight gain seesaw may put dieters at risk of heart disease and health problems. People who diet frequently have a much higher risk of developing eating disorders.

Author's Bio: 

Marko Tosic has been writing articles for 9 years now.
After quitting his job he started to work as a blogger and turned his life completely upside down.