It is a well-known fact that the responsibility of taking care of their pets is entrusted to the owners: in other words, they are liable for the welfare of the animals.

Pets can be the best companions, especially when you are feeling the blues; they can uplift the mood with their playful nature. However, tending to their needs can sometimes be difficult. We strive to make the job easier for you and have listed some helpful pointers in the following details for your reference.

1. Dietary Needs
Where the pet’s diet is concerned, it is advisable to consult the veterinarian regarding the same. Here, it must also be remembered that obesity can affect their health in a negative manner, and it would not be wise to feed them unhealthy food items.

Keeping in mind their breed, level of exertion, age, and size, they must be given nutritious foods.

Also, if you are planning to change their diet, it should be done gradually, or they could suffer from stress.They must be fed twice in a day: the young ones require more than two daily meals.Also, allow them to consume their meals in a quiet and protected environment, so they are comforted.

2. Water
It is a must to provide clean drinking water to the pets for their body hydration. They water can be changed few times in a day. Additionally, if you have a pet that survives in water, such as a turtle or a fish, ensure the tank is cleaned once per week.

3. Sheltering
Providing the pets with a shelter is also part of the pet-care measures that must be undertaken by the owners. A doghouse, cage, or tank, are some shelter-houses for pets. Shelters extend protection to the animals from the sun, wind, rain, and strong winds.

Moreover, the pets should be allowed to sleep indoors, so they are shielded from harsh climatic conditions, disturbing noises, and vehicles. Apart from that pets can catch ringworm easily. Specially ringworm in dogs can be extremely painful and can get dangerous if not properly diagnosed. Treat them like family members for sharing closer bonds with them and winning their loyalty.

4. Bathrooms
Animals need to use the bathroom, and their bosses are advised to make available a secured corner for their toilet needs.It may also be noted that a litter box for cats and a cage for gerbils is needed for tending to their bathroom requirements. Untrained dogs can be taken outdoors in a yard. Some pets can also be trained to use the toilet, for which training sessions may be attended.

5. Exercise
Keeping the pets engaged in physical activities is necessary for their fitness. They can be taken for long walks or a run for maintaining their health. You can also make them fetch a ball for enjoyment.

If you have a cat, consider purchasing few toys so they can keep themselves entertained. Where rodents such as gerbils or hamsters are concerned, an exercise wheel can be mounted in their cages for their daily exertion.

6. Grooming
Grooming the pets also constitutes as one of the duties to be performed by the pet-bosses. Combing and brushing the coats of pets, such as dogs and cats, is suggested for removal of the loosened hairs. Where cats are concerned, they will tend to shed less hair if they are combed on a regular basis.

Checking the pets for fleas, ticks, or other entanglements, must also not be missed. It is also essential to trim the dog’s nails, or they might face difficulty during walking. Furthermore, the pets must be bathed, and their teeth should be brushed, as per the vet’s guidelines.

7. Health Examination
Taking care of your pet’s health must also be given priority. In this regard, it may be advised to adhere to the veterinarian’s instructions regarding controlling parasites, de-worming schedules and vaccinations. Also, ensure their heath records are carefully preserved and consult the animal doctors, in the case of injury or illness, at the earliest.

8. Affection
Being affectionate towards your pets, in addition to spending quality time with them,must also be given importance. By doing so, a healthy rapport is established, and the bonds are strengthened.

Besides, the early signs of illness can be detected, and unhealthy behavioral attitudes are avoided.

On a concluding note, it may be stated that it is worthwhile to gather as much knowledge about your pets as possible. You should learn the manner in which their breed is trained, raised, and lived alongside with. As a result, you can become more confident of caring for your pets and giving them a comfortable home.

Author's Bio: 

This is Eva, an active researcher and contributor to major publications. Love to write on topics of Lifestyle, Health, Pets, Skin Care, Fashion and Weight Loss. Check out my other articles for great information.