How To Teach Reading In Kindergarten: How To Teach A Child To Read English Words

A reading system is an ideal tool for teaching your child to read. Essentially, this is a system that has been formulated and used specifically for teaching a child to read. It is useful in that it would take into account and remedy any problems that you may encounter and more specifically, you don't have to work out anything for yourself.

However, not all reading systems were created equal. Let's have a look at what sets them apart.

Two types of reading systems

There are two types of reading systems that you can use to teach your child to read. One type will be flexible and the other inflexible. Both have their purpose and advantages and disadvantages.

An Inflexible system

An inflexible system will have pre-planned lessons and themes and will present the information to you in a plug-and-play fashion. The advantages of this system are that it gives you everything you need; you only need to present the lessons to your child.

The disadvantages of such a system are that it doesn't take into account your child's interests and uniqueness. If, for example, the theme of the reading material is a rat and your child does not like rats, they will soon lose interest and become bored. Then again, even if your child likes the material there is no guarantee that they will not become bored with it as it does not change over time.

This can be a real problem when you are teaching your child to read at home and your biggest obstacle will be keeping them attentive and interested.

What can you do to teach your child to read? Is it possible to make your child become a fast and fluent reader?

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A Flexible system

A flexible system will still give you the method to teach your child to read, however this material allows you to include your child's unique interests into their reading material, assuring that they remain interested even if their interests change.

If your child is interested in motorbikes, Barbie, sharks, animals, aliens, Toy Story or anything else, you can include this in their lessons for maximum effect and to keep them highly interested and motivated.

Using this method, my son came to me with themes and words that he wanted to include in his reading lesson.

Phonics and sight reading

Make sure that whichever reading method you choose includes both phonics and sight reading. These two methods are not mutually exclusive and supplement each other perfectly to give you a very effective reading system. Phonics for example does not allow your child to learn sight words (and there are plenty of these in the English language), but it does teach them how to sound out words and read by themselves.

With the right system, you can teach your child to read easily and have them reading independently of you within a few months with very little effort on your part.

Pay Close Attention Here-

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I actually discovered by accident that anyone can teach a child to read without an educational gadget or any formal training or course; when my part-time nanny showed my 16 month old the letter " A " and told her what it was. I was surprised to find the next day that she had remembered it.

I had read somewhere many years ago before I had children that being a strong reader was a great foundation for overall success at school so on the realisation, that my daughter could recognise letters at such a young age, I made a decision to keep teaching her the alphabet and would eventually teach her to read at the age of 3.5. It could have happened a lot sooner but I made a commitment to make it fun and turn it into a game we would play no more than 5 mins a day.

You can teach your child to read too following my Simple 5 step formula below:

1. Start at 14 months ....Sing the ABC song and get your child to try and repeat it....Keep singing until they are able to sing it back ........(You must commit to doing this daily as a fun playful song....maybe clapping your hands on as you sing if your child prefers this.)

2. When your child can sing the ABC are ready to move on to letter recognition.
Print off the Alphabet with a Capital Letter and lower case letter and a picture that represents the letter .....or just buy alphabet cards if this works better for you.

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3. Start with A- G ....making sure your child recognises the capital letter and then the lower case letters. Cover the picture and ask what letter is this, to be sure the child recognises the letter.Then mention the sound which the letter makes and get your child to repeat it after you. You should spend only 10 mins a day....and can only increase it if your child requests it...Remember the whole objective is to have fun with it and make it a not scold the child if they get it wrong....don't tell them off in anyway...just repeat to them what the correct one should be.

4. Repeat the steps above with letters H -P . Q - V, W - Z.......until your child can recognise all capital and lower case letters of the alphabet and can make the sounds of the letters too. YOU must ensure that you are using English phonetics and are sounding out the letters correctly.

5. Now that your child can recognise all the letters of the alphabet and their can introduce your child to reading by buying a book from any bookstore for beginner readers. This book must be the first level of the particular reading scheme, (you may want to check with the school that your child will be going to, which reading scheme they will be using at that school and start with that particular one.)

Begin by reading the book to your child first, and then encouraging your child to read the book after you. You child may initially use the pictures as cues for the words but will eventually come to memorise and phonetically sound out words based on the phonetic letter sounds they had learnt from you previously.

Remember to be patient and have fun, spend a small amount of time on this daily and do not increase it unless the child asks you too...the bigger objective outside of teaching them to read, is also to make learning fun...

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The first and most important thing to remember when teaching phonics is that children need to know what sound each letter makes within a word. It is important not to add on the 'uh' vowel sound to the letter (e.g. saying 'suh' instead of 's'), as a lot of people, myself included, were told that the letters made these sounds when they were at school. We learned to read despite this, but learning only the sound makes it a lot easier to learn to blend letter sounds together to read words, and also identify sounds in words to write them.

Children learn in different ways but the three main ways are auditory (learning by hearing things), visually (by seeing things) and kinaesthetically (by relating learning to movement). Most commercial schemes for teaching phonics incorporate all three ways in order to help most children with their preferred learning style. There is usually a picture incorporating the letter which the children learn to recognize and link the letter sound to, a song which includes the letters sound and a movement or action which the children make whilst saying the letter sound.

The second important thing is that at first it is less confusing for the child if you concentrate on only teaching the letter sound, and not its name (/a/ and not 'ay'). This way they are not trying to learn two things at once. Learning the letter names can come later when they have a good understanding of the letters and the sounds they make, by singing an alphabet song.

Thirdly, letters are usually taught first in the lowercase, not capitals. This is because in the majority of books and text the children will be reading, and for their writing, most of the letters are lowercase.

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There are free resources available on various sites for helping you to teach phonics, though to get a full range of activities for all the letter sounds can take an awful lot of surfing. For those of you with lots of free time, it is worth looking around.

Different schemes suggest different rates of learning. The UK government in its 'Letters and Sounds' document suggest learning about 4 letters or phonemes each week, starting at about age 5. In the school where I teach, we cover just 1 letter sound each week as most of the children are learning English as an additional language and so need to also concentrate on building vocabulary and understanding.

At the end of the day, it isn't that important how quickly or slowly your child learns the letter sounds. Some children will be able to learn 4 a week or more, and others will struggle to learn 1 a week. This is not something to be overly concerned about and is usually not an indication of how well they will read or perform in school in the future. When they are ready, they will eventually learn all the letter sounds sooner or later and start to read and write. Having helped to teach your child to read is an achievement that in the end you can be proud of.

Lynne Hunt is a primary teacher and mother of three children: Maria aged 17, Daniel aged nearly 5 and Anita aged 3. She has taught now for 17 years, with experience teaching children from 3 years-old to 7 years-old and also teaching English as a second language to children aged from 2 up to adults. She lives in Spain, in Valencia, where she has lived now for 10 years and she has been working in a British School there with great success in developing reading skills among both learners of English as a foreign language and native speakers.

Many in-service teachers are not knowledgeable in the basic concepts of the English language. They do not know how to address the basic building blocks of language and reading. - This is NOT a statement that we are making, rather, this is a finding from a study done at the Texas A&M University. Their study was aptly titled "Why elementary teachers might be inadequately prepared to teach reading." To discover the scientifically proven methods, that will enable you to teach your child to read, and help your child become a fast and fluent reader, visit Approaches to Teaching Reading

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Nowadays getting teacher resources is not a serious problem as we have the Internet. But the main problem with the Internet is information overload. We can just get bogged down looking for stuff and that can be very time consuming.

And it is easy to get distracted when on the Internet, so now I ask myself 'Do I need to know this" and if the answer is "No" I move on or I bookmark it. I try to keep focused on what I need to know, and that saves a lot of time. There are a lot of free sites out there and some are really good.

I like Discovery and National Geographic but they only fill a small part of what you need. For reading I like Scholastic books and Learning Page. Learning Page has a lot of good free stuff. Another site with lots of good stuff is School Express. They have a ton of free stuff and they are also a pay membership site.

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After you find a good site, use the free stuff and if you think it is worth it become a member. Member sites do have more up to date material. Most of the free stuff has been on the net for a long time.

Another place you will visit regularly is your local library. You will need to brush up on your knowledge so you can pass it on to your children. So if you need to find out something, just ask your librarian and they should be able to find it for you.

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When reading to your child, read slowly, and point to the words that you are reading to help the child make a connection between the word your are saying and the word you are reading. Always remember that reading should be a fun and enjoyable activity for your children, and it should never feel like a "chore" for them. Click here to help your child learn to read

Author's Bio: 

Now you can teach your child to read and make him or her develop critical, foundational reading skills that puts them years ahead of other children....even if they are having difficulties at learning to read! Visit Techniques for Teaching Reading

The first few years of life are the most important and critical for the development of literacy skills, and having a literacy-rich environment at home will ensure your child becomes a successful reader. Aside from reading to your child, specific instructions and teaching must be used to teach your child to read. For a simple, step-by-step program that will help you teach your child to read, visit Best Way to Teach Reading

Reading Makes Your Child Smarter, and Your Child Misses a GOLDEN Opportunity, If You Do Not Teach Your Child to Read Now. Discuss your child's reading problems on our forum. We can help you easily teach your child to read! Go to: Reading Forum