Eczema is considered as a common term for many forms of dermatitis or skin inflammation. Melanoma, on the other hand, is more commonly known as skin cancer. The utmost goal of these managements is to achieve the optimum health or to prolong the life of the patient. Here we will learn the treatments available for these two diseases.

Atopic dermatitis is the most usual type of eczema. Nevertheless, there are various types of eczema. This disease can occur to anyone, although the disease usually occurs in newborns and children below five years old. Eczema will be permanently relieved by age three in around half of the affected newborns. Patients with eczema frequently have a family history of the disease or a family record of other sensitive responses to allergens, such as hay fever or asthma.

The objectives for the managements of eczema are directed to the prevention of inflammation, itching, and aggravation of the disease. Managements of eczema may include the use of drugs and the modification of the patient’s lifestyle. Treatments always depend on the age of the individual, type and severity of the disease, and general health condition. Applying ointments or creams on the skin of the patient will keep it well hydrated. Another important intervention for eczema is avoiding over-bathing. Applying emollient creams, for instance petroleum creams, is also suggested subsequent to a five-minute tepid bath sequentially to shut in the moisture while the skin is still damp. Lifestyle changes are as well suggested to avoid the aggravation of the disease.

Topical corticosteroids are occasionally prescribed to reduce the inflammatory response beneath the skin. These drugs can have a potency of mild, moderate, or high base on the severity of the manifestations. If itchiness is very severe, antihistamines are given to patients with eczema. There are two topical or cream medications are recommended by the Food and Drug Association of United States for the management of eczema, primecrolimus and tacrolimus. These medications fit in to a class of immunosuppressant drugs called calcineurin inhibitors and are prescribed in eczema patients over two years of age.

The most life threatening and the most dangerous form of skin cancers is malignant melanoma. The patient must seek the expertise of a specialist and confer immediate interventions and treatment choices with him. The type of treatment will depend on the situation of the patient. Various factors such as tumor thickness, stage, and size can be utilized as the basis of the physician when choosing a treatment modality.

The first preference of treatment may be the surgical extraction of the tumor. This procedure will entail a local anesthesia. Typically, a precautionary margin of one centimeter (vertically and horizontally) will be extracted. This procedure is performed to assure that damaged tissues are not overlooked. A surgery is done to remove the entire lymph node when the tumor has reached the lymphatic system. This is done to reduce the chance of the melanoma to spread to other organs or areas of the body.

Radiotherapy is also a good treatment option. This procedure utilizes X-rays to destroy diseased cells. Typically the affected portion must be exposed to radiation several times to achieve an effective dose, depending on the tumor stage and size. Chemotherapy is used in collaboration with surgery. This procedure utilizes chemicals, which have a particular toxic effect with cancer cells.

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For more information about diseases, symptoms and diagnoses, please visit: Eczema Symptoms and Melanoma Diagnosis.