You have probably heard of the term, ‘scoliosis’, but your knowledge of the condition is minimal. If this is the case, and you’re interested in learning more about scoliosis, then you have come to the right place.

In this blog, we will explore what scoliosis is and the signs and symptoms to look out for, as well as treatments for the condition and what you could do if you are diagnosed with scoliosis.

Let’s dive right in!

What is scoliosis?

Firstly, let’s define scoliosis. According to the NHS, scoliosis is the “abnormal twisting and
curvature of the spine
” - you will most likely first notice this condition by a change in the appearance of your spine or back.

Whilst idiopathic scoliosis is the case for 8 out of 10 cases of scoliosis, there are possible medical conditions that can cause scoliosis, including:
● Cerebral palsy
● Muscular dystrophy
● Marfan syndrome

Scoliosis can develop at any age, but is typically observed in children aged 10 to 15 years and is found more often in females than in males.

Symptoms of scoliosis

Unfortunately, scoliosis cannot be prevented. However, spotting the signs and symptoms of scoliosis early on can help get you started on scoliosis treatment as soon as possible. A few examples of the symptoms of scoliosis are:
● Visibly curved or slightly twisted spine
● One shoulder higher than the other
● One shoulder, or hip, and/or ribcage is prominent.
● Leg lengths are dissimilar.
● Clothes don’t hang on body properly.
● Back pain - often more severe in adults

If you feel that you are showing signs of scoliosis, it is important that you make an appointment to see your GP so that they are able to examine your back and if needed, refer you for an X-ray to confirm whether you may have scoliosis.
Don’t be intimidated by receiving a positive diagnosis for scoliosis, especially if you are afraid of surgery - of the 2% to 3% of the population that is diagnosed with the condition, only 10% actually need surgery.

Treatment of scoliosis

So, how is scoliosis treated?
The treatment for scoliosis can depend on various factors including:
● Age
● Severity of scoliosis
● Possibility of the condition worsening over time

It’s critical that you see professionals who specialise in scoliosis treatment at clinics like Scoliosis SOS, so that you’re able to get the best possible assistance when it comes to treatment.

When found in young children, treatment is often not recommended as any spine curvature may naturally improve as they grow up. On the other hand, if it is deemed necessary, then a brace or cast may be used to try and stop the curve from progressing further.

If this doesn’t work, then an operation is typically suggested wherein metal rods are inserted to stabilise the spine. The rods are usually lengthened at regular intervals to match the pace of your spine growth as you get older.
For older children, bracing is also an option, as well as surgery that attaches rods to the spine using screws, wires, and/or hooks. In adults, non-surgical options to relieve pain are tried first such as exercises and medication. Correctional surgery is often a last resort.

Author's Bio: 

Rima is a professional author and writer.