Clinical cardiovascular problems are to be dealt with extreme care and experienced professional experts because of the importance of collaborating with the other body functions is the prerequisite for a healthy living and keeping up of general well-being. There can be various medical conditions of heart which have to be specifically treated with the surgical process because every other treatment is not eligible for relieving the patient from the symptoms of these particular cardiovascular problems. A major cause of such diseases is aortic stenosis in which the aortic valve of the heart suffers severe damage and it has to be either repaired or replaced. Traditionally, cardiologists have been recommending open heart surgery as a treatment to replace the damaged aortic valve. But with massive developments which were undertaken by the best heads in the field of medical sciences, the recommendations have changed. Now, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) surgery are performed for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis for their minimally invasive nature which offers tremendous advantages over the traditional form of open heart surgery.

The individuals who are determined to have the treatment done for relief against aortic stenosis, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has gained lots of popularity. The underlying reason or rather the reasons can be attributed to the merits of TAVI and TAVR surgery over open heart surgery. Primarily, the very nature of TAVI and TAVR surgery are at an advantage because they are performed with minimal obtrusion whilst on the contrary, open heart surgery is facilitated with making a large incision across the full length of the chest. Another uplifting news about the methodology of TAVI and TAVR surgery is the variety of techniques through which it can b performed, it includes reaching the damaged aortic valve either through the leg or any large artery of the heart.

Even the specialists of the field call out that open heart surgery is not the best way to treat the condition of severe aortic stenosis. Instead, TAVI and TAVR surgery are efficient and accessible for individuals who are not eligible for open heart surgery or are looking for quicker recovery. TAVR and TAVI surgery reduces the time period required for the recovery of the patient. The patient can normally return back to a quality life and everyday tasks can be performed with ease as the case before the problem of aortic valve stenosis progressed in. The surgery is performed in a unit but the discharge from the hospital is comparatively quick and scarring is minimal as well. The patients who underwent TAVI or TAVR surgery report that the pain after the treatment was considerably less, in addition to that, the levels of anxiety were also reduced. Various findings in this field have also concluded that the response of heart function after TAVR and TAVI surgery is improved and patients feel much better.

Cardiologists ensure that the candidate is eligible for a TAVR/TAVI surgery and this is brought into effect by detailed diagnostic procedures which involve various scan and tests. Even if some of these diagnostic procedures have reports from earlier tests, the doctors make it sure that these procedures are performed gain so that the present conditions can be rightly assessed. The medical history of the patient is thoroughly examined to get a clear view of the medications he/she is up to and what complications have to priorly work for. The details of any prior open heart surgery (if the patient underwent it) have to be provided to the doctors. If the patient suffers from atrial fibrillation (AFib) or had any episodes of stroke, this should be followed up to the concerned specialist. An angiogram is performed to evaluate the flow of blood through the arteries. Blood tests are specifically done so that the composition of the blood can be examined. To get a detailed view of the heart, doctors perform an echocardiogram.

With all the merits that TAVI and TAVR surgery has to offer over the traditional methods of open heart surgery, overall, TAVI or TAVR surgery has turned into a profoundly viable and gainful treatment choice for patients who suffer from the severe condition of aortic valve stenosis. Firstly, both of these surgeries are minimally invasive in nature. Secondly, this aspect adds to the quickening of the recovery time period. The scarring from incisions which are made for TAVR and TAVI surgery are not prominent in nature and they heal quickly along the rehabilitation programme. Along these lines, the advantages provided by TAVI and TAVR surgery are compelling reasons to consider them as the effective surgical procedures for various cardiovascular problems including aortic valve stenosis. The hundred per cent safety cannot be ensured by any surgical treatments but the scientific advancements as seen and utilized in TAVR and TAVI surgery are quite efficient in reducing the risks of complications and side-effects.

Author's Bio: 

The experts in the field of TAVR/TAVI surgery in India confirm that if TAVI or TAVR surgery is recommended by the doctors, it would be a savvy thought to trust the specialists and experience this insignificantly intrusive procedure in addition to its various merits.