Fenugreek is also known as “methi” in Hindi. It is extensively used as a flavouring agent in Indian cuisine. Although it has numerous medicinal properties, it is used sparingly because of its bitter taste.

Traditionally, fenugreek seeds are used for the treatment of diabetes, cough and flatulence as well as for its anti-inflammatory effect. Fenugreek has been a part of Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine for centuries.

Fenugreek has anti-diabetic characteristics which help in the prevention as well as treatment of diabetes. Its therapeutic effect can be seen especially in Type 2 diabetes (where the body is unable to use the insulin it is producing).bbb

Fenugreek is rich in soluble fibre. This fibre modulates the blood glucose level by slowing down the absorption of sugar in the stomach. The fibre also slows down the rate of absorption of carbohydrates. Findings from several clinical trials confirm the fact that fenugreek improves the metabolic symptoms, which are associated with Type 2 diabetes. It lowers the blood glucose levels and improves the body’s tolerance towards glucose.

Clinical study of fenugreek

According to a recent study, adding just 100 grams of fenugreek powder to one’s diet reduces the fasting blood glucose level and increases glucose tolerance. Clinical trials have found out that taking just 15 grams of fenugreek regularly reduces post-meal blood glucose level in Type 2 diabetics. In a study published in the Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Type 2 diabetics were given five grams of fenugreek powder daily for three months. The results showed that there was a significant decrease in fasting plasma glucose, postprandial plasma glucose and LDL cholesterol.

Why fenugreek is good for diabetics?

Fenugreek contains active substances like saponins, diosgenin, galactomannan, 4-Hydroxyisoleucine, and trigonelline. These substances give fenugreek its anti-diabetic property. The saponin in fenugreek reduces the rate of glucose absorption in the intestines. The 4-Hydroxyisoleucine stimulates the secretion of insulin in the pancreas and decreases insulin resistance. Galactomannan helps in glucose absorption.

How to include fenugreek seeds in your diet?

The fenugreek seeds can be roasted for a couple of minutes. One or two tablespoons of roasted fenugreek can be added to recipes. You can also put two tablespoons of fenugreek in a cup of boiling water and then slowly drink the solution. People who dislike the taste of fenugreek can take it in capsule form. While doctors recommend a daily dose of 2.5 grams, some studies suggest two doses per day of 2.5 grams each.

Author's Bio: 

Khalid Md. Saifullah is a renowned personality in the field of natural medicine. His keenness and zeal for acquiring medical knowledge had made him an ardent reader and scholar in this discipline. Khalid Md. Saifullah is the editor-in-chief of an esteemed magazine, Health Companion. He is also the Founder and Managing Director of leading healthcare organisations like ‘Naturoveda Health World’, ‘Zilaxo Advanced Pain Solution’, ‘The Megaman Sexual Wellbeing Clinic’, etc.