Piles or hemorrhoids are veins around or inside the rectum that have become inflamed. Piles can be classified into Internal or External hemorrhoids depending upon their location. External hemorrhoids are found outside the anus while internal hemorrhoids are found inside the rectum.

Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids:

• Feeling of lump outside the anus.
• Itching around the anus.
• Pain around the anus.

Symptoms of Internal Hemorrhoids

• Bleeding while defecating.
• Prolapsed hemorrhoids

Depending upon the severity of the disease piles or hemorrhoids can be further classified into 4 grades.

Grade 1: In this stage, a person may have bleeding or itching but no prolapse.

Grade 2: In this stage while defecating the hemorrhoidal mass comes out but goes back by itself after the completion of the act.

Grade 3: In this hemorrhoidal mass doesn’t go back on its own, it needs to be manually pushed back.

Grade 4: In this hemorrhoidal mass doesn’t go back even after pushing it back.

Grade 1 and Grade 2 hemorrhoids can be easily cured with medication or MCDPA procedure. While Grade 3 and Grade 4 require laser surgery.

Laser surgery for piles:

Grade 3 hemorrhoids can be easily cured using LHP (Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty) procedure. In this Leonardo laser is passed through the anal and laser energy is applied, causing a hemorrhoidal mass to shrink. The whole procedure takes about 20-25 minutes. There are no cuts and no stitches. Healing is very fast and the patient can resume normal work routines from the next day of surgery.

Grade 4 hemorrhoids are treated using MIPH (Minimally Invasive Procedure for Hemorrhoids) or STAPLER Surgery. This procedure is performed using the circular STAPLER, the mucosa which is responsible for the prolapse of Haemorrhoids is circumferentially excised and the prolapsed Haemorrhoids are pulled up back to their normal position.

Risks Involved with STAPLER Surgery:

This procedure may have some drawbacks as follows:

• Bleeding
• A feeling of needing to rush to the toilet
• Infection
• Staple line stricture

But these risks are uncommon, only 5-10% of patients suffer from these risks.

Laser surgery has remarkable benefits. Leonardo laser was first introduced in India at Healing Hands Clinic and a number of patients have been successfully cured using this procedure at all the centers including Pune, Baner, Chinchwad, Chakan, Kothrud, Kondhwa, Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Thane, Nashik, and Bengaluru.

Author's Bio: 

Proctologist at Healing Hands Clinic