The word 'Spices' needs no introduction, attributed to its familiarity among all human communities, especially food fanatics. Spices are part of daily human use. According to lay knowledge, spices are the ingredients used in the preparation of food to improve its flavor. In fact, these aromatic parts of trees that add aroma, flavor, and color to food have many health benefits. There are different species of spices available. Some of the most used spices are cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, pepper, ginger, garlic, turmeric, fennel, fenugreek, cardamom, mustard, poppy, vanilla, cassia, saffron, etc.

Spices are available in different parts of plants. Most spices are nuts or berries or seeds of a plant. Some of the spices also come from roots, rhizomes, barks, arils, cocoons, stigmas, resins, etc. Unlike other food ingredients, spices are often added in small amounts while preparing delicacies. The essential oils present in the cells of these parts of the plant are responsible for adding flavor, aroma and color to food. Each spice has its own essential oil, which has different chemical compounds in different proportions. Spices can perform their function by releasing essential oils, for which the spices must be crushed and then used. Since these oils are volatile, they tend to spread on the plate as soon as they are crushed and added.

Health benefits
In addition to improving the taste of food, spices also have many medicinal benefits. Their ability to kill harmful bacteria made them popular for curing and treating many health problems. Some of the commonly available spices that are used for their medicinal properties are: garlic, ginger, cinnamon, cayenne pepper, turmeric, cumin, clove, cardamom, etc. They are used in all homes, almost on a regular basis. They are found to provide many health benefits. Let's briefly discuss the various health benefits provided by some of these spices.

Garlic is one of the many spices that has the maximum health benefits. It is a favorite among people who struggle to control weight. It is found to have a wide range of medicinal properties, such as antifungals, antivirals, and antibacterials. It is used as part of the treatment for cancer (especially colon cancer), heart disease (since it prevents blood clotting). The phytochemical in garlic, called allicin, helps lower cholesterol, insulin, and triglycerides. In addition to these, it is also a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin B6, magnesium, and selenium.

Ginger is widely known for providing remedies for digestive problems, such as nausea, flatulence, and other gastrointestinal problems. Ginger is found to be a rich source of fiber, iron, vitamin E, and magnesium. It is also found to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which are very essential in boosting our immune system. Apart from this, they are naturally cold and flu pain relievers.

Cayenne pepper
This spice contains an enzyme called capsaicin, which is naturally anti-inflammatory in nature. Its antioxidant property helps break fat cells, thus reducing body weight. It also acts as a cure for arthritis, due to its pain relieving properties. It is also found to stimulate the immune system, prevent heart disease and stomach ulcers.

Cinnamon is known to lower blood pressure, cholesterol and also sugar. It is mainly used to treat type 2 diabetes. It is a natural aphrodisiac for men. It is a great source of iron. The main benefits of cinnamon are the prevention of blood thinning, blood clotting, and the proliferation of cancer cells. It has antibacterial, anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cumin is one of the best sources of iron among all other spices. It is the best remedy for most severe stomach problems. It aids in easy digestion by facilitating the easy breakdown of food molecules.

The presence of Eugenol makes the nail the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and mild anesthetic. It has antiseptic properties and is therefore used in mouth rinses to destroy bacteria in the mouth. It also facilitates easy digestion.

Author's Bio: 

Spices have delighted humans for thousands of years with their warm and spicy, spicy and spicy flavors and aromas.