Low Platelet Count / Thrombocytopenia:

Low Platelet Count is also known as Thrombocytopenia
Platelets prevent unwanted bleeding by plugging themselves at the site of injury
Low platelet count leads to inefficient blood clotting and therefore bleeding episodes
What are the signs & symptoms of Low Plate Count?
• Fatigue or Increased weakness
• Dizziness
• Severe Headache
• Pain in the joints and muscles
• Tiny red or purple spots under the skin
• Jaundice
• Nose and Gum Bleeding
• Bruising under the skin – especially on arms and legs
• Prolonged bleeding from cuts
• Bloody stools & urine
• Heavy menstrual periods
What causes Low Platelet Count?
• Genetic Factors / Conditions
• Vitamin Deficiency – B12 and Folic Acid
• Chemotherapy & Radiation Therapy
• Liver failure
• Kidney Failure
• Enlarged Spleen
• Viral or bacterial or Paraside infections – Hepatitis C, CMV, Hantavirus, Dengue, Helicobacter, Borrelia, Plasmodium
• Medication or Medical Treatment
• Anaemia
• Blood Cancers
• Metastatic Cancers of Prostate, Breast, Spleen
• Niacin Toxicity
• Lyme Disease
• Allogenic / Unrelated Bone Marrow Transplantation
How is Low Platelet Count diagnosed?
• Complete Physical Exam
• Complete Medical History
• Complete Blood Picture
• Liver and Kidney Function Tests
• Vitamin tests – Niacin, B12 and Folic Acid
• Bone Marrow Biopsy
• Imaging – Ultrasound, MRI
• Genetic Testing - ADAMTS13, ANKRD26, CYCS, GATA1, GP1BA, GP1BB, GP9, ITGA2B, ITGB3, MASTL, MPL, MYH9, RUNX1, WAS
How is Low Plate Count Treated?
• Medication – Corticosteroids, Thrombin inhibitor, Immunoglobulins,
• Surgery
• Blood or Platelet Transfusion
• Plasma exchange
What are the self-care tips for preventing bleeding complications?
• Take medications and supplements as prescribed regularly
• Understand from the doctor how to respond in case of heavy or uncontrolled bleeding
• Consult your doctor before any dental procedures
• Stop using dental floss, if they are causing gum bleeding
• Avoid activities that may cause injuries
• Avoid drinking alcohol or taking over the counter medicine (Aspirin, NSAIDs) as these may worsen the symptoms
• Use a cool mist humidifier to prevent bleeding during coughing
• Be watchful and careful while handling sharp tools or items
• Use tooth brush with softer bristles
• Use a nail file with rounded ends instead of a clipper when grooming fingernails and toenails
• Do not strain while passing stools
• Blow your nose gently using a soft tissue
• If razor is causing bleeding, use an electric shaver
What are the different categories of Thrombocytopenia?
• Inherited Thrombocytopenia
• Drug-Induced Thrombocytopenia
• Immune Mediated Thrombocytopenia
• Non-Immune-Mediated Platelet Destruction
• Low Platelets Associated with Other Autoimmune Diseases
• Low Platelets Associated with Cancer
• Low Platelets Caused by Infectious Disease

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Coronary Artery Disease
Heart Failure
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Other Heart Problems

Best of our heart specialists, nurses and support staff have been delivering remarkable care and services towards most complex and high risk cardiovascular conditions that are typically risky and challenging.

Author's Bio: 

Virinchi Hospitals is now recognised as one of the best hospitals in Hyderabad city by incorporating finest of the Medical Equipment, Infrastructure, Processes and People while excelling in healthcare with international standards in diagnosis and therapy for treating every disorder to an extent current medical science can possibly provide with evidence.