The collection of human diseases is quite vast and one of the most feared categories is the one which comprises a variety of cancers. Thyroid Cancer is a specific disease which causes abnormal cells to grow in your thyroid glands. The thyroid gland is basically shaped like a butterfly and is located in the front portion of your neck. Its primary function is to makes hormones which regulate the way your body utilizes energy and allow it to operate normally.

Thyroid cancer is regarded as an uncommon type of cancer. Most people who are suffering from this disease figure it out early and the treatments eventually work well. However, even after it is treated, this disease may come back. Presently, the Thyroid Cancer Drug Sales Market has undergone several fresh advancements with the introduction of new medications & cures.

Causes of Thyroid Cancer

According to experts, the exact cause of thyroid cancer is still unknown. However, like other cancers, the shift in the DNA of your cells does play a crucial role. The DNA changes may involve changes which are inherited along with those that happen as you grow older. It has also been revealed that, people who have been open to radiation in excessive amount have a greater chance of acquiring this disease.

For example: a dental X-ray will not increase your chance of acquiring cancer. But past radiation treatment involving your neck, head or chest can pose serious risk of developing thyroid cancer.

Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer leads to several symptoms:

  • You might get a lump or swelling in your neck. This is regarded as a common symptom.
  • One might experience pain in your neck and also sometimes in the ears.
  • Trouble swallowing.
  • You might also experience trouble breathing or constant wheezing.
  • Your voice may get hoarse.
  • Frequent cough which is not related to cold.

Medication for Cure

The Thyroid Cancer drug industry Analysis Report has advanced in the past few years due to increasing number of cases. Here are some of the effective medicines which are used for treating this disease:

  • Radioactive iodine is a source which is used after surgery to finish any remaining thyroid tissue.
  • TSH suppression therapy is used to reduce the TSH in the patient’s body. This reduces the growth of any remaining cancer cells.
  • Thyroid hormone medicine is needed to remove the thyroid hormones that are produced by your thyroid gland. On the other hand, if your thyroid gland is surgically removed, it would be necessary to take thyroid replacement pills for your remaining life cycle.
  • Chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat thyroid cancer. It is also specifically used to treat anaplastic thyroid cancer which does not respond to radioactive iodine.
  • Targeted therapy involving tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), like sorafenib and sunitinib. Targeted therapy using TKIs is being studied under clinical trials.

Post-Surgery Treatment

 It is important to note that the treatment procedures for treating thyroid cancer are not restricted and post-surgery methods are also important for the satisfactory healing of the patient.

  • Once you have your thyroid surgically detached, it is required for you to wait several weeks before you undergo radioactive iodine treatment for killing any of the remaining thyroid tissue. Moreover, it is important to note that, during this waiting period one might experience symptoms of hypothyroidism like weakness, fatigue, weight gain, memory problems, depression or constipation.
  • Your doctor might also suggest you to follow a low-iodine diet before starting the treatment with radioactive iodine. Remember, when on a low-iodine diet, one cannot eat foods which contains a lot of iodine, like seafood, iodized salt, and baked goods. Depleting the iodine level in the human body might help in making the radioactive iodine treatment effective, since the cells become greedy for iodine.
  • Patients must keep a note that, after surgery one might need to take thyroid hormone replacement pills. These pills rarely lead to any side effects if you are consuming the right amount. However, too much thyroid hormone can cause your body to feel hot as well as sweaty. Weight loss, chest pain, diarrhea, fast heart rate, or cramps.  On the other hand, too little thyroid hormone can lead to tiredness. Weight gain, dry hair or dry skin are the other symptoms.  
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